It grows to 20–25 meters (66–82 ft) tall trees typically have a straight trunk with the branches extending outward at right angles. As the tree matures it takes on more of an irregular habit. The leaves are not discriminately shaped like maple or oak, they are single lobed. The leaves are 3”-6” long and 1.5”-3” wide, and can have a wavy edge. The common name of this wetland tree, tupelo, comes from the Creek Indian word for swamp. Black tupelo prefers a moist, slightly acid soil. Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) , also called black gum tree is a North Eastern American native tree producing edible fruit in the fall. Fruit. These nativars are hardy, easy to care for, maintain a consistent shape and provide stunning multi … The importance of Black Tupelo is high as its benefits are more and so are Black Tupelo Facts.Every gardener must look for the required information on this plant before planting it. Spectacular scarlet fall color. The leaf is 5-12 cm (2 – 4.7 in) long. You can choose from 3 different colours: cherry red, pine green or antique gold, including a matching ribbon. Your email address will not be published. Historical Notes The tree has been a Native American fruit tree in which it produces edible fruit in the fall. Still others call it beetlebung, stinkwood, wild peartree or pepperidge. Its height development ranges from twenty-five to fifty feet and its diam- eter from one to two feet. Growing to 15 m (~50 ft), it is in flower from March to May, and the seeds ripen from August to October. Nyssa sylvatica – Black Tupelo . That's why I have one shading the southwest side of my home from the sun. HEIGHT: 18.0m WIDTH: 8.0m *height & width at maturity. A black tupelo is a deciduous tree. Swamp Tupelo differs by having smaller leaves (less than 2½" long) that are more … Gray Black Brown ... Other common names tupelo black gum tree common tupelo tree cotton gum pepperidge sour gum tree see more; Synonyms Nyssa multiflora. Obovate to elliptic, entire to slightly toothed leaves (to 5" long) are dark green above and paler below. The importance of plants lies in their great contribution to human life and the environment. It does produce fruit but the tree is dioecious meaning the tree is either male or female. The Arbor Day Society calls this tree one of the ten best trees for fall color. Your gift will of course also include full growing instructions. As the tree grows to 10 and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform among trees. Similar species: Water tupelo (N. aquatica) develops a large, swollen base and the leaf margins are often irregularly toothed, the leaf tip abruptly pointed. Simply select the preferred gift wrap packaging option above, then add product to Cart. A majestic tree from North America with beautiful, leathery leaves that turn a stunning orange and red in the Autumn. It is a good choice for damp/wet locations and is tolerant of clay soils. Its edible, 34 inches., reddish fruit is pickled to make Ogeechee limes. The black tupelo is one of the first trees to start changing colors in the fall; scientists believe this early color change helps alert birds to their newly ripening fruit. Fully hardy in Britain, it can be grown in a pot and tolerates atmospheric pollution. Nyssa ogeche, commonly referred to as Ogeechee tupelo, white tupelo, river lime, ogeechee lime tree, sour gum or wild lime is a deciduous tree. The elliptical shaped leaves transform from green to shades of orange, yellow and red marking the start of … When combined with the several other tupelo species, these trees have the distinction of being favorites with honey producers. There is one somewhat unique ID feature which is that the mid-height and lower branches grow out of the tree at almost 90 degrees then slope down unlike most trees where they are angled up. Black Tupelo (Black Gum), Nyssa sylvatica, one of the most attractive native trees around. DESCRIPTION: As a moderately sized tree with lovely autumn colour, Tupelo would make an excellent specimen planting in a larger garden or reserve. BLACK GUM OR TUPELO (Nyssa sylvatica Marsh.) Nyssa Sylvatica, or Black Tupelo, is a deciduous tree most notably known for its fall colored foliage. See our privacy policy for more information about ads on this site, Your email address will not be published. The fruit is a black-blue, ovoid stone fruit, about 10 mm long with a thin, oily, bitter-to-sour tasting flesh and very popular with small bird species, particularly the American robin. Other uses of the herb: Wood - tough, not durable, soft, heavy, hard to work and warps easily. Add that personal touch with our bespoke gift wrapping service and choose from one of our luxurious but also natural looking wrapping papers. N. ogeche, Ogeechee tupelo, is smaller (to 3040 feet high) and has only negligible fall color. Fruits mature to a dark blue and are attractive to birds and wildlife. 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The names used for this tree are black gum, sourgum, yellow gum, black tupelo, cotton gum, tupelo-gum, pepperidge, swamp tupelo, swamp black gum, sour gum or tupelo. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. A variety of Black Tupelo, Nyssa sylvatica biflora (Swamp Tupelo), is very similar to the typical variety that is described here. The leaf shape is oval, elliptical or obovate. A tree of many monikers, the black tupelo is also known in various areas as a gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum or tupelo gum. Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) , also called black gum tree is a North Eastern American native tree producing edible fruit in the fall.  There are 2 other species in the genus native to South Eastern US, they are the Ogeechee Lime (Nyssa ogeche) and Water Tupelo (Nyssa aquatica), This article primarily focuses on Nyssa silvatica but many points could apply to either of the other species.  Tupelo was a native American food, and the name “tupelo” comes from the native American muscogee language, meaning “swamp tree”, referring to the southern species of tupelo. But the shape of the crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortunately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesirable. The flowers of black gum are light green in color and form into pendulous clusters in the spring. Then if you wish to add a personalised message, there is a message box on the cart page. Native Americans did not engage in the selective breeding of fruit trees as much as Europeans.  Black Tupelo is hardy to zone 3, has great fall foliage and delicious fruits, find one or plant one for a great addition to your foraging ventures. The flowers are small, with a creamy colour but the edible raw or processed dark blue fruits have an ornamental value. biflora.) Lower branches droop with age and will need to b… The leaf upsite is green and glossy. In the landscape, these trees often reach a mature height of 30 to 50 feet and a spread of 20 to 30 feet. Other common names of this tree are Black Gum and Sour Gum. Tupelo can be grown on any good soil and neutral pH. We will also enclose a card – suitable for the occasion - with your own personal message. Importance of Black Tupelo. THE Black Gum occurs rather commonly throughout Massachusetts, where it inhabits the borders of swamps and streams. Summer leaves are a dark green with a high-gloss appearance, but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple or … It also provides nutrition for bees in early to late spring. Support: The juicy fruit is consumed by many birds and mammals since it is a honey plant, provides oxygen as it undergoes photosynthesis, provides shade as branches grow almost horizontally. Black Tupelo is a regionally native tree that can reach about 30’-50’ tall and half that in spread. Still others call it beetlebung, stinkwood, wild peartree or pepperidge. There are from one to three fruits together on a long slender stalk. N. aquatica, water tupelo, is similar to N. sylvatica but has larger leaves and fruit and a trunk that is swollen at the base. With distinctive stout and many-branched trunks, black tupelo is easily recognized in wet forests. Notify me when this product is available: A majestic tree from North America with beautiful, leathery leaves that turn a stunning orange and red in the Autumn. The small, ovoid, fleshy fruit is one of the first berries to ripen and provides an important food source to migrating birds and overwintering residents. Here it is a small or medium-sized tree, of slow growth and of very variable habit. The botanical name of this plant is Nyssa sylvatica, and common names include sourgum and beetlebung.This medium sized tree is a member of the dogwood family. It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. Trunk diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet, but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens. FORM: Pyramidial to rounded FOLIAGE: Mid green foliage becomes orange and scarlet in autumn Nyssa Sylvatica is a deciduous Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a medium rate. Black Tupelo could be a difficult tree to identify. Fruit is dark purple, thick-skinned, and dotted, in drooping clusters, each fruit about 1 inch long and widest above the middle. Black tupelo, also called black gum tree, pepperidge tree, or simply tupelo is native to North America from New England to southern Ontario, to central Florida, eastern Texas, and Mexico. Glossy dark green summer leaves turn shades of red, scarlet, orange, yellow and purple—often all on the same branch! Fully hardy in Britain, it can be grown in a pot and tolerates atmospheric pollution. It … A Message from GTG. When combined with the several other tupelo species, these trees have the distinction of being favorites with honey producers. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. Tupelo wood is highly cross-grained, making it difficult to work. The flowers are small, with a creamy colour but the edible raw or processed dark blue fruits have an ornamental value. Sometimes commonly called black tupelo. WELCOME TO JURASSICPLANTS NURSERIES AND RESEARCH. Family Nyssaceae Genus Nyssa are … The leaves of Black tupelo can vary in size and shape. Classification Black tupelo is a hardwood tree which grows to 75 feet tall, has a medium growth rate, pyramidal shape with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. But really, what's not to love? Black Tupelo is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from New England and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. Whenever I see a large tree that has single lobed leaves I usually say “what is that?” and it reminds me that that’s what I usually say when I see a black tupelo. The black tupelo is tolerant of a wide range of growing conditions and is … Black Tupelo is a great edible fruit tree.  This is a plant that makes me wonder what a few thousand years of selective breeding would have gotten us, the fruits are not much smaller than wild cherry fruits and cherries are obviously a common fruit today. The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves turn bright scarlet. Tupelo can be grown on any good soil and neutral pH. 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The fruit is the only known edible part of the tree.  The fruits are very tasty, somewhat sour but sweet enough to enjoy raw, there is no bitterness.  There is one large seed in the fruit so the fruits aren’t as fleshy as they look.  On the other hand the tree is usually loaded with fruits, and it can grow to be 80’ tall, so as fall progresses the ground gets covered in these small fruits.  You can find some good ones there on the ground or pick them off the tree if you can reach the branches.  The fruits are also often used to flavor pies, preserves, and drinks. Nyssa sylvatica, commonly known as black tupelo, tupelo, or black gum, is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from New England and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. A variety of the Black Tupelo is called the Swamp Black Tupelo (N. sylvatica, var. Also notice that the tree has many little black fruits in the fall, and a brilliant reddish colored leaf when the leaves change colors. The flowers are pollinated by bees. Blackgum or Black Tupelo is a native deciduous tree that grows throughout North Carolina and can reach 50 to 80 feet tall, but typically reaches 20 to 30 feet in cultivation. The fruit of the black tupelo attracts many birds and wildlife. The Wildfire Black Gum or Tupelo tree is a personal favorite shade tree. The female of the species has half-inch long dark blue-black fruit in the fall around when the leaves turn scarlet, purple, and yellow. Larger specimens may be difficult to transplant from deep, well- drained field soil because of its deep roots and should only be transplanted from the field in the spring. They are sometimes eaten raw, but humans tend to put them in juice, preservatives, or pies! Young trees tend to be somewhat pyramidal in shape and eventually may form a conical or oval-shaped crown as they mature. Comments: Black Tupelo is showiest during the autumn when its leaves assume brilliant colors and some of its fruit is still hanging on the tree. Tupelo or sour gum is a striking pyramidal tree in its youth with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. Therefore, it is usually seen growing in containers at the nursery. Please note that the “Buy it now” button skips this step and you won’t be able to add your message. The fruit is up to 15mm in diameter and is borne in small clusters of 2 - 3. A native to the eastern United States the Black Tupelo, also known as Black Gum, grows 30 to … Citrus trifoliata (Poncirus trifoliata) - Hardy lemon, Vitis labrusca Isabella - Strawberry Grape (light blue), Ficus carica Signora - Pink Fig Plant, dark, elongated fruits with red flesh, self fertile, hardy, Sand, Loam, Clay / Acidic, Neutral / Well-drained. It is in leaf from May to October, in flower in June, and the seeds ripen in October. HEIGHT: 30-50' WIDTH: 20-30' Prefers full sun to partial shade Zones: 4-9 What you are purchasing is 1 Black Gum Tupelo Tree at a. There is very little research done on the health benefits of Tupelo fruits. Flowers are generally small and not notable. There are 2 other species in the genus native to South Eastern US, they are the Ogeechee Lime ( Nyssa ogeche ) and Water Tupelo ( Nyssa aquatica ), This article primarily focuses on Nyssa silvatica but many points could apply to either of the other species. The edible raw or processed dark blue fruits have an ornamental value personal favorite shade tree 30. M ( 49ft ) by 12 m ( 39ft ) at a medium rate this tree..., entire to slightly toothed leaves ( less than 2½ '' long ) are dark green summer leaves shades... Oval-Shaped crown as they mature antique gold, including a matching ribbon South. 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Flowers of Black Tupelo ( Black Gum are light green in color and into.