For example, we use a String to represent a message, an Integer to represent an amount of money, or a Struct/Dictionary/Hash to represent a specific object. Primitive Obsession code smells. Parlez-en à Twitter Le problème. Some examples are using an integer for an ID, a string for an address, a list for an address book etc. Based on the maintenance and evolution of a program of the card game Dominion, produced originally for CSSE376 Software Quality Assurance. Page-Jones M. "Fundamentals of object-oriented design in UML". Manage your wiki pages clearly in tree structure, and easily link between pages. In computer programming, design smells are "structures in the design that indicate violation of fundamental design principles and negatively impact design quality". The to-do list: Dependency injection in BooksEndpoint for books; Change status for statuses; Remove the primitive obsession with status (optional) The smell: Primitive obsession involves using primitive data types to represent domain ideas. Istan était autrefois le foyer des Rois Primitifs. The Ahnenerbe (German: [ˈʔaːnənˌʔɛʁbə], ancestral heritage) operated as a think tank in Nazi Germany between 1935 and 1945. Refactoring. Elizabeth goes searching through Judge Baldwin's old law books to find out how Cissy can get her divorce. Ça parait beaucoup? Thank you everyone for your hard work! Primitive Obsession is when the code relies too much on primitives. Primitive Obsession. A wounded Ryan desperately attempts to run towards Jennifer to retrieve the gun, but Jennifer fires another shot, ultimately killing Ryan. Primitives are the building blocks of data in any programming language, such as strings, numbers, booleans, and so on. The self and identity: Revista de Psicoanalisis Vol 34(3) May 1970, 441-451. de Senarclens, B. Son obsession pour les prophéties le poussa a rapidement abandonner le trône et à remettre son titre de maréchal de guerre à son fils Kunai. They worship their High Priestess, Batari, as a matriarch, believing her to be a living embodiment of the heavens due to her birth during totality in a solar eclipse on the summer solstice. Girish Suryanarayana, Ganesh SG, Tushar Sharma (2014). Sa mère était porto-ricaine et son père d'origine haïtienne. Eng., 36(1):20–36, January 2010. Here are some primitive … For those who may not know, primitive obsession means making use of primitive data types (int, long, string, array etc) to represent what is, really, a domain object. 2nd ed. It seemed alright, but magic numbers and a magic sequence gave me quite a headache. I recently got a task to implement a product importer for a new vendor for a webshop. Multifaceted abstraction when an abstraction has multiple responsibilities assigned to it. A bug that made its way to production last week has given me the kick I need to get this post out. Currency exchange and number format logic spread. Le racialisme est un courant de pensée distinct du racisme, apparu en Europe au milieu du XIX e siècle, qui prétend expliquer les phénomènes sociaux par des facteurs héréditaires et raciaux.Ce courant, lié à la théorie des races qui émerge au XVIII e siècle, culminerait avec les travaux de Arthur de Gobineau, de Gustave Le Bon et Georges Vacher de Lapouge. At first glance this post looked to be a good example of primitive type obsession as the opposite of this: as an oversimplification, that warrants DDD to the rescue. "[8], "Brenda Song, Mike Vogel and Dennis Haysbert to star in Hybrid's "Secret Obsession" for Netflix", "Brenda Song, Mike Vogel & Dennis Haysbert Star in Netflix's Secret Obsession", "Brenda Song battles creepy stalker in Secret Obsession trailer", "Interview: Secret Obsession's Brenda Song", "Last night we wrapped the Netflix movie. Try it now ! We have decided to also tackle the optional item in our to-do list. I’ve been wanting to write about primitive obsession, specifically in Ruby, for a long time. Password class’ constructor can do the validations for you. Thanks to their small, focused nature problems in Exercism tend to focus on language primitives. In chapter 3 Jack's obsession with hunting begins to develop, whilst Simon and Ralph construct huts for sleeping. Voici un exemple qui fait du sens : Cette classe est l’exemple le plus commun et le plus fragrant. Primitive Church, another name for early Christianity Restorationism , also described as Christian primitivism, is the belief that Christianity should be restored along the lines of what is known about the apostolic early church It is a good practice to identify design smells in a software system and apply appropriate refactoring to eliminate it to avoid accumulation of technical debt. Danielle a grandi en Californie auprès de ses parents et de sa sœur aînée Stéphanie. Frank's investigation leads him to Jennifer's parents' home, where he finds their rotting corpses. Le Meur. While Ryan is out, Jennifer finds her own ID in his wallet, which she uses to unlock his computer. By an odd coincidence, a number of the teams I work with have been looking at the Primitive Obsession code smell recently as part of the software habitability and craftsmanship training programmes I am currently running. C’est dans la Désolation que Abaddon fut déchu et tenta de revenir. In other words primitive obsession is bad because it results in over-complicated code. Richard wants her for himself but Emanuelle uses her assets to try and escape. Classes should contain data and methods to operate on that data, too. Listen to music from Primitive Propaganda like That Which Kills and North / Black Sun Bloody Moon (Current 93). To help her regain memories, he shows her photos of her life, telling her that her parents died in a fire two years ago, that she had quit her job, and that she rarely talks to her friends anymore. [1][2], It was released on July 18, 2019, by Netflix.[3]. Celle-ci est de telle sorte qu'elle peut effectivement entrer en opposition à la caractéristique du cadre de la vie et à ses contraintes réelles. Fowler, Martin (1999). [1] The origin of the term "design smell" can be traced to the term "code smell" which was featured in the book Refactoring: Improving the Design of Existing Code by Martin Fowler.[2]. The Smell: Primitive Obsession is using primitive data types to represent domain ideas. Before she can escape, Ryan knocks her unconscious and chains her to the bed while he goes out to get supplies. ", Fowler: "Smells are certain structures in the code that suggest (sometimes they scream for) the possibility of refactoring. A generalization of NoStrings: The Smell: Primitive Obsession is using primitive data types to represent domain ideas. She becomes uneasy by Russell's strange behavior and realizes that he has been locking her inside the house at night. Les Primitifs est une secte de massaï d'Afrique consituée d'adorateurs d'animaux qui pensent que la conscience humaine est une perversion de l'esprit contrairement à l'animal qui est vue comme une divinité.. Leur obsession est de faire passer les esprits des animaux dans leurs propre corps. For Example: Code with Primitive Obsession // primitiveObsession.java public class primitiveObsession { Ainsi la névrose se présente comme une tentative de se soustraire à chaque contrainte de la communauté par une contrainte (personnelle). Secret Obsession is a 2019 American psychological thriller film directed by Peter Sullivan, who co-wrote the screenplay with Kraig Wenman. This article is a list of weapons in the Soul series. Emanuelle, a world famous fashion model, is held captive by Richard Tate, a crazed fan. A man by her bedside (Mike Vogel) introduces himself as Russell Williams, her husband, and says that her name is Jennifer. A primitive int means that some process zeroed out 4 bytes of memory, and then flipped the bits necessary to represent some integer in the range of -2,147,483,648 to 2,147,483,647; which is not a strong statement about the concept of age. Regarding this one example, then, Primitive Obsession doesn’t pose much of a problem yet. Find the latest tracks, albums, and images from Primitive Propaganda. Stal M. "Software architecture refactoring". Addison-Wesley. Primitive Obsession is the name of a code smell that occurs when we use primitive data types to represent domain ideas. A woman fakes her own death to escape from her abusive husband, but her peaceful new life is shattered when he discovers she's alive. The Smell: Primitive Obsession is using primitive data types to represent domain ideas. Principal photography for the film took place on location in Pomona and Malibu, California in 2018. “Code is read more often than it is written” [7], On Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 29% based on 17 reviews, with an average of 2.84/10. Generally, it is appropriate to live with design smells due to constraints imposed by the context. They can occur in "normal" life and can be managed but as they become more Ego-dystonic and troublesome they may require professional help. Nyota Uhura était une officier de Starfleet, elle fut principalement l'officier des communications de l'USS Enterprise NCC-1701 et del'USS Enterprise NCC-1701-A au 23ème siècle. She wakes up in the hospital with amnesia, recalling nothing about the incident or her life prior. Primitive obsession. Jupiter was "the fount of the auspices upon which the relationship of the city with the gods rested." The Romans believed that Jupiter granted them supremacy because they had honoured him more than any other people had. Directed by Raul Inglis. How to fix magic numbers and detect primitive obsession. 1 Biography 1.1 The Scott Tibbs Documentary 2 Personality 3 Appearances and References Lark was a young man and a member of the rock band "Wrath of the Gods". Trifu A. The topic described in this article is a part of my Applying Functional Principles in C# Pluralsight course. Morgan Kaufmann. [4][5][6], The film was released on July 18, 2019 by Netflix. Missing abstraction when clumps of data or encoded strings are used instead of creating an abstraction. Carrière. (from here). Easy examples of such types are string for email addresses, int for quantity and, what we’re here to talk about today, Guid for Id fields. It’s an obsession of using primitives and for making the code better this code smell requires remediation efforts. On a rainy night, a woman (Brenda Song) flees down the street from an unknown pursuer. Tutorial in The international conference on object oriented programming, systems, languages and applications (OOPSLA); 2007. In North America, hickory, mesquite, oak, pecan, alder, maple, and fruit-tree woods, such as apple, cherry, and plum, are commonly used for smoking.Other biomass besides wood can also be employed, sometimes with the addition of flavoring ingredients. While such primitive types exist on any platform, they tend to lead to procedural code. With Josie Davis, David Millbern, Lochlyn Munro, Sonja Bennett. As creating such fields is much easier than making a whole new class, this leads to abuse. Ses parents l'ont encouragée à suivre ses études à l'université avant d'aller à Hollywood. De M'Uzan, M. (1970). A farmhand begins an affair with his elderly boss' young wife. Mainly known from skull material, Achelousaurus was about 6 m (20 ft) long, with a weight of about 3 tonnes (3.3 short tons). The concept is relatively simple; each vendor provides a CSV file with all the product information. Roman Polanski (Polish: Polański / p ə ˈ l æ n s k i /, pə-LAN-skee, [ˈrɔman pɔˈlaj̃skʲi] (); born Raymond Thierry Liebling; 18 August 1933) is a Polish-French film director, producer, writer, and actor. So, what is primitive obsession? Structural Management. Before we can start, it’s important to describe what primitive fields are. This is the second article in my Functional C# blog post series. La dépression est une maladie qui se caractérise par une grande tristesse, un sentiment de désespoir ou une perte de motivation. The low cohesion consists of scattering related ideas throughout the code base, where programmers have a hard time finding them. In Proceedings of the 18th international conference on software engineering, ICSE ‘96, Washington, DC; 1996. p. 387–96. Addison Wesley; 2001. Danielle Savre est une actrice et chanteuse américaine, née le 26 août 1988 à Simi Valley (Californie). Primitive Obsession is using primitive data types to represent domain ideas. Lark, also known as Larkie, is a fictional character from the Saw franchise as well as a minor character of The Scott Tibbs Documentary. Jennifer manages to escape into the forest with Ryan giving chase. It stars Brenda Song, Mike Vogel, Dennis Haysbert, and Ashley Scott. Taken from C2 Wiki. As we have explored legacy code looking for examples of the smell, I’ve noticed a tendency to enthusiastically label every primitive in any method signature as smelly. Mary Ellen becomes addicted to amphetamines, which she has persuaded Dr David Spenser to let her have. It was released on July 18, 2019, by Netflix. After Jennifer is discharged, Russell takes her to their secluded home. Il concerne environ 15 à 20% de la population générale, sur la vie entière. Prentice Hall; 1988. IEEE Trans. The Izila are an advanced, Aztec-like pyromaniacal tribe of Homo sapiens doomsday cultists who originated from Mesopotamia before spreading north into Central Europe and the Valley of Oros. Dora Oline Eriksrud ; TDT4242-group-2-exercise-3; Commits; Commit e62860a6 authored Apr 11, 2019 by Daniel Sandberg. They also heavily sacrifice both people and animals to appease their deities; Suxli and Mensos, the sun and the moon, res… It seemed alright, but magic numbers and a magic sequence gave me quite a headache. "Decor: A method for the specification and detection of code and design smells". Sefika M, Sane A, Campbell RH. Secret Obsession is a 2019 American psychological thriller film directed by Peter Sullivan, who co-wrote the screenplay with Kraig Wenman. Improving the Design of Existing Code. He learns from Jennifer's former employer that "Russell" is actually a man named Ryan Gaerity, a temperamental worker fired over two months ago. Qu’arrive-t-il à votre 2,147,483,648e utilisateur? Jupiter (from Latin: Iūpiter [ˈjuːpɪtɛr] or Iuppiter [ˈjʊpːɪtɛr],1 from Proto-Italic *djous "day, sky" + *patēr "father", thus "sky father"),2 also known as Jove (gen. Iovis [ˈjɔwɪs]), is the god of the sky and thunder and king of the gods in Ancient Roman religion and mythology. 3rd ed. Primitive Obsession is one of my favorite smells as well: it's easy to spot, easy to fix, and yields some really great designs when thoroughly stamped on. Softw. He was portrayed by Danny Kitz. Find the latest in primitive music at Last.fm. One code smell I tend to miss a lot is primitive obsession. Refactoring Rust: Primitive Obsession Fast smelly code is still smelly Posted by Ian Whitney on August 31, 2016. Many classes have a tendency to consume or expose primitive values like integers and strings. N. Moha, Y. Gueheneuc, L. Duchien, and A. It’s very easy, tempting and just feels convenient to use primitive objects to represent various concepts in our code. She finds images of her actual husband Russell (Daniel Booko) and realizes the danger she's in. He personified the divine authority of Rome's highest offices, internal organization, and external relations. It means that a primitive value controls the logic in a class and this value is not type safe. Obsessions are recurrent and persistent ideas, impulses or thoughts that are experienced as distressing , ... Re-thinking Obsessive Neurosis through the light of the "self's" primitive experiences: Revista Brasileira de Psicanalise Vol 37(1) 2003, 119-144. Primitive Obsession: Don't use a gaggle of primitive data type variables as a poor man's substitute for a class. Primitive obsession stands for using primitive types to model domain. She is struck by a car, leaving her injured and unconscious. Did I … Toggle navigation Torchpad. The opposite would be "domain modeling", or perhaps "over engineering". Browse files Options. Removing the primitive obsession with status as int. The series was conceived by Rockne S. O'Bannon and produced by The Jim Henson Company and Hallmark Entertainment. For example, we use a string to represent a message or an integer to represent an amount of money. "Monitoring compliance of a software system with its high-level design models". (1998). She also notices that most of the photos in her home have been manipulated. Using differents round modes Operations between diffent currencies Accuracy errors Primitive Obsession "Primitive Obsession is when the code relies too much on primitive data types (like integers and strings). Achelousaurus was a ceratopsid dinosaur that lived about 74.2 million years ago, during the Late Cretaceous.The first fossils of the genus were collected from the Two Medicine Formation in the U.S. state of Montana in 1987. Danielle Kathleen Savre (born August 26, 1988) is an American actress and singer.She is known for her television roles, such as her lead performances in the 2007 MTV music drama Kaya,the 2016 TLC drama Too Close to Home, and the ABC Grey's Anatomy spinoff Station 19, and for her roles in the films Wild About Harry and Boogeyman 2.She was born in Simi Valley, California. As she drives, leaving for San Jose, Russell's voice narrates the note, telling her how much he loves her. Page-Jones M. "The practical guide to structured systems design". This is an example of Primitive Obsession. In the Objects and Data Structures topic, it can be included this design pattern that treat the use of string, int, and so on, instead Classes for Name, Money, Email, Phone, etc. With Mekhi Phifer, Elika Portnoy, Brad Dourif, Ruben Santiago-Hudson. Founding members Jaz Coleman (vocals, keyboards) and Geordie Walker (guitars) have been the only constant members. Il rassembla alors des fidèles qu’il mena dans le Désert de Cristal dans l’espoir d’accomplir son Ascension. Polanski is also a fugitive from the U.S. criminal justice system; he … ", This page was last edited on 21 April 2020, at 20:50. Elle est un thriller germano-franco-belge réalisé par Paul Verhoeven, sorti en 2016, adaptation du roman français « Oh… » de Philippe Djian, publié en 2012.. Quinzième long-métrage du réalisateur, Elle marque son retour au long-métrage, dix ans après la sortie de son précédent film, Black Book, et est présenté en compétition au Festival de Cannes 2016. Primitive Obsession means using a programming language's generic type instead of an application-specific domain object. "Automated strategy based restructuring of object oriented code". His goal is to collect as many acorn as he can supposedly for the ice age. His image in the Republican and Imperial Capitol bore regalia associated with Rome's ancient kings and t… For example, we use a String to represent a message, an Integer to represent an amount of money, or a Struct/Dictionary/Hash to represent a specific object. They’re usually typed as int, string or constants. Jean-Michel Basquiat (Brooklyn, New York, 22décembre1960 – 12août1988) était un artiste américain. The context (characterized by various factors such as the problem at hand, design eco-system, and platform) plays an important role to decide whether a certain structure or decision should be considered as a design smell. Find primitive tracks, artists, and albums. Primitive data types are basic built-in building blocks of a language. With Michael Christian, Shannon Whirry, Bo Svenson, Tony Burton. Term Project for Software Construction and Evolution. Not to be confused with Secret Obsessions. 1 History (Submitted by Four-Eyes) 1.1 Background 1.2 Senael: Prehistory - 1608 1.3 Senael: 1380 - 1400 1.4 Senael: 1400 - 1462 1.5 Senael: 1462 - Present 2 Threat Assessment 2.1 Resources 2.2 Weaknesses 2.3 Analytics 3 Trivia and Notes 3.1 Trivia 3.2 Notes 4 Links and References Before Eve, before Adam, before the Garden of Eden was placed upon the Earth, there was the primitive man. Sign up; Login; Torchpad The Simplest way to make a Markdown wiki. Use of constants for coding information (such as a constant USER_ADMIN_ROLE = 1for referring to users with administrator rights.) Danielle Kathleen Savre est une actrice et chanteuse américaine, née le 26 août 1988 et originaire de Simi Valley en Californie.. Elle est connue pour son rôle de Maya Bishop dans la série télévisée américaine Grey's Anatomy : Station 19, le second spin-off de Grey's Anatomy [1 Frank tackles him before he can shoot her, and Jennifer takes the gun and shoots Ryan in the arm. But how can we avoid it? Also known as "conceptualization abuse". How to fix magic numbers and detect primitive obsession I recently got a task to implement a product importer for a new vendor for a webshop. Pour les primitifs, les prédateurs suprêmes sont les plus fascinants comme les hyènes. When he returns, the real Russell's corpse is revealed to be in his car trunk. "Refactoring for software design smells: Managing technical debt". What is Primitive Obsession Primitive Obsession is a code smell and type of anti-pattern where you are trying to use primitives for definable basic domain models. Obsessions are recurrent and persistent ideas, impulses or thoughts that are experienced as distressing, intrusive or inappropriate by person having them. Farscape is an Australian-American science fiction television series, produced originally for the Nine Network.It premiered in the US on Sci-Fi Channel's SciFi Friday, March 19, 1999, at 8:00 pm EST as their anchor series. Dec 26, 2016. Jennifer is haunted by brief flashes of memories from the rainy night of her accident. Primitive Obsession is another popular code smell in Ruby land. In Europe, alder is the traditional smoking wood, but oak is more often used now, and beech to a lesser extent. L’obsession des types primitifs est un comportement des développeurs qui ont tendance à utiliser ces derniers dans le code au lieu d’utiliser des objets. Simon and Ralph construct huts for the children to sleep in and Ralph becomes annoyed when he realises that they are the only ones doing any work. Comment en sortir ? ", "Brenda Song on Broadening her Career with New Netflix Thriller "Secret Obsession, "Netflix's Top 10 Original Movies and TV Shows, According to Netflix", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Secret_Obsession&oldid=992301292, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 15:55. Also known as "primitive obsession" and "data clumps". Refactored home/templatetags/home_extras.py and made tests See merge request doraoe/tdt4242-group-2-exercise-3!3 About us Torchpad is a platform that allows you to create your own wiki site. Design Smell: Primitive Obsession by Mark Seemann This post is the second in a series about Poka-yoke Design - also known as encapsulation. [3] On October 17, 2019, Netflix announced that the film had been viewed by over 40 million viewers after its release on their platform. If your data type is sufficiently complex, write a class to represent it. Budd T. "An introduction to object-oriented programming". Move method: déplacement d'une méthode d'une classe à une autre; Move field : déplacement d'un champ d'une classe à une autre; Extract method: Extraction d'une … It stars Brenda Song, Mike Vogel, Dennis Haysbert, and Ashley Scott. 1 Soul Edge 2 Soulcalibur 3 Soulcalibur II 4 Soulcalibur III 5 Soulcalibur Legends 6 Soulcalibur IV 7 Soulcalibur: Broken Destiny 8 Soulcalibur V 9 Soulcalibur VI Character customization is limited to appearance in Soulcalibur V, and all weapons have the same stats. Transform this string into a different string, manipulate this number, etc. A huge amount of complexity can be reduced, clarity can be increased and; duplication can be avoided in this code; If we can create a Password class. Design smells arise from the poor design decisions that make the design fragile and difficult to maintain. Directed by Goran Dukic. Après des études secondaires au lycée Racine, puis en classes préparatoires au lycée Condorcet et au lycée Chaptal, Monique Cottret poursuit des études d'histoire à l'université Paris-Nanterre.Elle est agrégée d'histoire en 1974. Bugs or unimplemented features are not accounted as design smells. This is a post from the Get Rid of That Code Smell series. Markdown Editor. Data Class: Avoid classes that passively store data. The website's critical consensus reads: "While it may offer some thrills and unintentional laughs, Secret Obsession is mostly a formulaic and dumb thriller. early to mid 1950s; Misses' Jacket Contents[show] Links to reviews/blog posts Faux Fur Shrug Sources/Vendors Gallery [insert your photos of this pattern made up] Wishlist [insert your username, and make sure your preferences … Different authors have defined the word "smell" in different ways: Design smells indicate the accumulated design debt (one of the prominent dimensions of technical debt). Addison-Wesley Professional; 1999. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Design_smell&oldid=952355661, Short description with empty Wikidata description, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, R. C. Martin: "Design smells are the odors of rotting software. Frank arrives at their home and tries to rescue Jennifer, but Ryan knocks him out, locking him in a freezer. He rants to Jennifer that he had loved her for years but her lack of reciprocation and marriage to Russell enraged him. Using primitives to represent values with special constraints can lead to low cohesion and high duplication. 27 mars 2019 - Advance 6184; ca. Primitive data types are basic built-in building blocks of a language. (In case you don't remember, Primitive Obsession is when you use basic types, like 'int,' instead of creating a class, like 'ID' or 'Age'.) 1 Background 2 Powers and Stats 3 Gallery 4 Others Scrat is a character, mainly used as a comic relief, in the overall Ice Age franchise of movies, video games, shorts, etc. Il a appelé cette intégration initiale niveau 1. Therefore, primitive obsession is when you have a bad practice of using primitive types to represent an object in a domain." The Simplest way to make a Markdown Wiki. Le trouble dépressif caractérisé touche tous les âges de la vie. Structures in the design that indicate violation of fundamental design principles and negatively impact design quality. Would you create a … Killing Joke is an English post-punk group which formed in October 1978 in Notting Hill, London, England. In Proceedings of the 7th German workshop on software-reengineering (WSR); 2005. Star Trek: The Original Series est la première série télévisée de Star Trek. Wiki Wiki Snippets Snippets Members Members Collapse sidebar Close sidebar; Activity Graph Create a new issue Jobs Commits Issue Boards; Open sidebar. La contrainte contraire a un caractère révoltant. For example, we use a String to represent a message, an Integer to represent an amount of money, or a Struct/Dictionary/Hash to represent a specific object. 1 Recap 2 Recurring Role 3 Guest Cast 4 Notes Cissy Tucker, Yancy's young wife, finds that living in the mountains is just far too primitive for her and she takes steps to leave him. To think about it, Password is really an entity like User in this domain. Primitive Obsession Code Smells Before we can start, it's important to describe what primitive fields are. Detective Frank Page (Dennis Haysbert), obsessed with his work after failing to find his own daughter's kidnapper, investigates Jennifer's accident, grows suspicious of Russell, who drives a truck similar to one seen in the vicinity where Jennifer was hit. Ralph becomes increasingly frustrated about the lack of effort from the other stranded students. Directed by Lee Frost. What this means is that a primitive value controls the logic in a class and this primitive value is not type safe. How does the system look? Dabrowski a observé que la plupart des gens vivent leur vie dans un état « d'intégration primitive ou primaire » largement guidée par les pulsions biologiques (« premier facteur ») et/ou par une adhésion non critique et une conformité aux conventions sociales (« deuxième facteur »). Three months later, Frank gives Jennifer a note from her late husband that he had found during the investigation.