Culture. Species: M. didyma. Family: Lamiaceae. The wild flowers are single, but some cultivated forms have double flowers. Plants in the mint family are easily identified by their square stems, strong aromas, and opposite leaves. •Monarda didyma has a long history of being used by some tribes of Native Americans as a medicinal plant to cure skin infections, minor wounds and even excessive cases of gas. They typically grow up to around 2’ to 4’ tall and clump together in a cluster. The herb bergamot is known by the botanical name of Monarda didyma. The … Monarda Didyma Oil is a volatile oil obtained from Monarda didyma. ssp. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Attracts hummingbirds, bees, and butterflies. Monarda didyma. Kingdom: Plantae. Monarda Monarda didyma Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Asterids Order: Lamiales Family: Lamiaceae Subfamily: Nepetoideae Tribe: Mentheae Genus: Monarda L. Type species Monarda fistulosa L. Synonyms Cheilyctis Benth. Shared laughter makes friendship a pleasure, and Monarda provides plenty of humor in the garden. Large Red flowers with dark red bracts. The Plants Database includes the following 18 species of Monarda . Register. Shop by category. Even when grown in a shaded environment, the plants continued to struggle. The page you requested was not found, and we have a fine guess why. Phylum: Spermatophyta. They grow erect to heights of 20–90 cm (8–35 in). If you clicked on a link to get here, the link is outdated. Monarda didyma. Pericarp structure and phylogeny of tribe Mentheae (Lamiaceae). Zone: 4-9 The cherry red flowers on this mildew-resistant variety are a magnet for hummingbirds. [9], There are over 50 commercial cultivars whose hybrid colors range from dark red mahogany to bluish lilac to multiple shades of pink. Variety Monarda citriodora Cerv. Native … It is a somewhat coarse, clump-forming, mint family member that features tubular, two-lipped, bright scarlet-red flowers … Coleophora monardae feeds only on Monarda plants, and C. heinrichella and C. monardella only feed on the species M. fistulosa. Monarda Didyma, Linnaeus. The plants are widespread across North America and can be found in moist meadows, hillsides, and forest clearings up to 5,000 feet (1,500 m) in elevation. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Most of the selections currently available to gardeners are hybrids of two species native to the eastern United States, Monarda didyma (scarlet bee balm) and Monarda fistulosa (wild bergamot). Flower color:Crimson. Harley, R. M., et al. [3] The genus is endemic to North America. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Subphylum: Angiospermae. Taxonomic Tree. Its overall lack of vigor, poor habit, disease pressure, and nearly non-existent floral display all weighed heavily on its rating. It is commonly referred to by its English name of bergamot or bee balm (because of its tendency to attract bees). Lamiales. MONARDA DIDYMA 'JACOB CLINE' JACOB CLINE BEE BALM, OSWEGO TEA, HORSEMINT A perennial that forms a bushy, upright mound. Class: Dicotyledonae Order: Lamiales Family: Lamiaceae ... Monarda didyma; Distribution Table Top of page. Gray – basil beebalm P: Species Monarda didyma L. – scarlet beebalm P The Otsego used bee balm as a tea. The genus is … Flower color varies, with wild species bearing red, pink, and light purple flowers. Molecular phylogenetic studies of this tribe have been poorly sampled, and relationships within it remain unclear. Genus: Monarda. Skip to main content. Monarda Didyma. Species and cultivars you need to learn for class: Monarda didyma. Zone: 4-9. General information about Monarda didyma (MOADI) EPPO Global Database. Tubular flowers in a rounded or sometimes elongated head. [6] Monarda is divided into two distinct subgenera, Monarda and Cheilyctis. Summary Monarda didyma was the worst performing bee balm in the trial. M. fistulosa and M. bradburiana are purple. The Winnebago used a bee balm tisane as a general stimulant. Monarda didyma adds vibrant color to gardens with average to moist soils, serving as an important food source for bees, hummingbirds and butterflies. Hybrids occur in the wild, and they are common in cultivation. Lamiaceae. Family. Interspecific relationships in the genus, "Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families", "2013 BONAP North American Plant Atlas. Toggle navigation. Bee balm is a natural source of the antiseptic compound thymol, the primary active ingredient in some modern commercial mouthwash formulas. Even when grown in a shaded environment, the plants continued to struggle. Magnoliopsida. [10], The following cultivars have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:[11], The UK National Collection of Monardas is held at Glyn Bach Gardens at Pont Hywel, Efailwen, near Llandissilio in Pembrokeshire.[18]. Missouri Botanical Garden. Monarda L. Species Accepted. Beebalm - Bergamot. Monarda didyma or bee balm is a stunning summer bloomer in the mint family. For both culinary and medicinal use, harvest the aerial parts of the plant- … The scientific name of the species, didyma, literally means “in pairs”. Unlike most Nepetas that have a bit of a wild, unkempt look, this first class selection keeps its tidy, dense, rounded shape all season long. Domain: Eukaryota. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Go! The class clown of plants. Common name: Beebalm, Scarlet Beebalm Other cultivars and species: There are a number of other species and hybrid cultivars used in the landscape. CABI Data Mining, 2011. Identifying characteristics: Bushy clump forming plant with square stems and lance shaped leaves. See more ideas about bee balm, plants, the balm. citriodora var. Species: Monarda didyma L. – scarlet beebalm Subordinate Taxa. Natural Order, Labiatae. Species and cultivars you need to learn for class: Monarda didyma. Monarda didyma. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Monarda didyma. Monarda are used in beds and borders to attract hummingbirds, pollinating insects, and insects that control garden pests. Leaves make a medicinal, herbal tea. All other documented sightings in the Piedmont and coastal plain are of naturalized non-native populations. Beebalm - Crimson - Monarda didyma - Live plant - Oswego tea, Bergamot. The bee balm plant (Monarda didyma) is a perennial native to North America.This plant is especially common in the Eastern US and can be found growing in woodlands area and along stream banks. Bloom Time: Mid-late summer. Apr 27, 2019 - Bee balm, bergamot. [20] These are easily distinguished by several characters.[3]. Zones: 4-8. This article was included in the 2006 Wikipedia CD Selection, or is a candidate for inclusion in the next version (see Monarda didyma at Wikipedia for Schools). A tisane made from the plant was also used to treat mouth and throat infections caused by dental caries and gingivitis. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Monarda bradburiana eastern beebalm Monarda citriodora lemon beebalm Monarda clinopodia white bergamot Monarda clinopodioides basil beebalm Monarda didyma … This species can grow up to 6 feet tall, and because of the red flowers, it is very popular with hummingbirds. There are no pictures available for this datasheet, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. ssp. Common names are from state and federal lists. THE genus Monarda is especially well qualified to be called a representative of the Mora of the United States, as most of the species belonging to it are found here, while the very few other species which are known besides grow in Mexico. Bee balm was traditionally used by Native Americans as a seasoning for wild game, particularly birds. Scora, R. W. 1967. class Magnoliopsida order Lamiales family Lamiaceae genus Monarda species Monarda didyma Class. Have no fear, help is Invasive Species Databases.. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Common name: Beebalm, Scarlet Beebalm Other cultivars and species: There are a number of other species and hybrid cultivars used in the landscape. Order. The flowers are tubular and bilaterally symmetric, with a narrow upper lip and a wider lower lip. Plants growing in partial shade spread horizontally and produce fewer flowers. Monarda didyma is a red-flowered variety that’s native to Minnesota. Its small, grey-green, aromatic leaves are topped with well … advanced search... Login. Class: Dicotyledonae. Monarda species include annual and perennial herbaceous plants. With … Seed collected from hybrids does not yield plants identical to the parent. Inflorescences occur at the top of the stem or emerge from the axils. Cheilyctis Spach Monarda is a genus of flowering plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae. parva Scora – lemon beebalm P: Species Monarda clinopodia L. – white bergamot P: Species Monarda clinopodioides A. This article has been rated as C-Class on the project's quality scale. This plant has no children Legal Status. As it emerges in early spring, perennial monarda seems to smile an early green grin from beneath last year’s debris. Their roots need air, and their soil watered. Its overall lack of vigor, poor habit, disease pressure, and nearly non-existent floral display all weighed heavily on its rating. Several species, including Monarda fistulosa and M. didyma, have a long history of use as medicinal plants by many Native Americans, such as the Blackfoot, Menominee, Ojibwa and Winnebago. Monarda didyma (Bergamot, Scarlet beebalm, Scarlet Monarda, Oswego Tea, or Crimson Beebalm) is an aromatic herb in the family Lamiaceae, native to eastern North America from Maine west to Ohio and south to northern Georgia. Hardy herbaceous perennial, Ht. Family: Lamiaceae. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. There are two stamens. 2004. M. didyma has bright carmine red flowers, M. fistulosa has pink, and M. citriodora and M. pectinata have pale purple. Although many species of Monarda can be used similarly, the most common variety used is Monarda fistulosa, which is spicier and hotter in its actions than the common garden variety, Monarda didyma. The Blackfoot recognized the strong antiseptic action of the plants, and used them in poultices for skin infections and minor wounds. Family: Lamiaceae. The initial female parent (i.e., the seed parent) was Monarda didyma `Cambridge Scarlet` (non-patented in the United States) and the initial male parent (i.e., the pollen parent) was Monarda fistulosa menthaefolia (non-patented in the United States). Gardenview scarlet is a common cultivar. Most hybrids are of Monarda didyma parentage and are easily grown in average, medium to wet, moisture retentive soils in full sun to part shade. TaxonMaps", "Growing Bee Balm: How to Plant, Grow, and Care for Bee Balm", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Monarda&oldid=985937729, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 October 2020, at 20:59. 23 Jun 2020 Scientific name: Monarda didyma Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Dicotyledonae Order: Lamiales Family: Lamiaceae Genus: Monarda Species: Monarda didyma Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Exposure: Full sun to partial shade. EWG’s Skin Deep rates thousands of personal care product ingredients, culled from ingredient labels on products, based on hazard information pulled from the scientific literature and industry, academic and regulatory databases. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Color: Deep red flowers, medium green foliage. Plants designated `60 … Class: Magnoliopsida: Order: Lamiales: Family: Lamiaceae: Genus: Monarda: Species: M. didyma Blooms in summer. Kingdom Plantae > Division Tracheophyta > Class Magnoliopsida > Order Lamiales > Family Lamiaceae > Genus Monarda . Leaves are dark green, aromatic, and lance-shaped. [5][6], The crushed leaves of all species exude a spicy, fragrant essential oil. Monarda didyma, known by a number of different common names including bee balm, Oswego tea and bergamot, is native to eastern North America where it typically occurs in bottomlands, thickets, moist woods and along streambanks from Maine to Minnesota south to Missouri and Georgia. [2][4] Common names include bee balm, horsemint, oswego tea, the latter inspired by the fragrance of the leaves, which is reminiscent of bergamot orange (Citrus bergamia). [8] An infusion of crushed, boiled Monarda has been used to treat headache and fever. Some hybrids have been developed to produce high levels of essential oil for use as flavoring or medicine. Monarda is a genus of flowering plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae. The genus is endemic to North America. Height/Spread: Dwarf clumping habit, 14-18 inches tall and 10-12 inches wide. "Labiatae". Monarda species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species, including case-bearers of the genus Coleophora. up to 80cm, spread 45cm. Shop by category. ex Lag. Reference gas chromatogram of Monarda didyma essential oil A total of 20 components were identified, representing 97.19-98.53% of the whole composition. Home; Standards . In all the oils ... e. oxygenated monoterpenes,(60.83-75.54%) and monoterpenes hydrocarbons (19.92-35.83%) were reported as the major class of compounds, while sesquiterpene hydrocarbons were found in the lesser amount (1.47 … Scarlet Bergamot Monarda didyma Linnaeus Synonyms: Crimson Beebalm. Those of Monarda fistulosa parentage are more tolerant of drier soils. 2010. Class: Magnoliopsida ... Monarda L. – beebalm Subordinate Taxa. BEE BALM (MONARDA DIDYMA) OIL, BEE BALM OIL, BEE BALM OIL, ESSENTIAL, BERGAMOT ESSENTIAL OIL, ESSENTIAL BEE BALM OIL, MONARDA DIDYMA (BERGAMOT) ESSENTIAL OIL, MONARDA DIDYMA (BERGAMOT) FRUIT OIL, MONARDA DIDYMA (BERGAMOT) OIL, MONARDA DIDYMA ESSENTIAL OIL, MONARDA DIDYMA … The slender, serrated, lanceolate leaves are oppositely arranged on the square stem, hairless or sparsely hairy, and about 7 to 14 centimeters long. Bee balm belongs to the Lamiaceae plant family and shares more characteristics in common with its fellow plant family members – such as peppermint, lavender, and sage – than that of its fruity namesake … This species can grow up to 6 feet tall, and because of the red flowers, it is very popular with hummingbirds. Common names include bee balm, horsemint, oswego tea, the latter inspired by the fragrance of the leaves, which is reminiscent of bergamot orange (Citrus bergamia).The genus was named for the Spanish botanist Nicolás Monardes, who wrote a book in 1574 describing plants of the New World Find Monarda didyma (Bee Balm Bergamot, Red Bergamot) online at Jekka's. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Ryding, P. O. PP1 - Efficacy Evaluation of Plant Protection Products; PP2 - Good Plant Protection Practice; PP3 - Environmental Risk Assessment of Plant Protection Products ... Class Angiospermae ( 1ANGC ) Category Lamiids ( 1LAMD ) Order Lamiales ( 1LAMO ) … Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Although somewhat bitter due to the thymol content in the leaves and buds, the plant tastes like a mix of spearmint and peppermint with oregano. If you typed the URL directly, please make sure the spelling is correct. The method of cultivation results in increased production of essential oils including thymoquinone and thymohydroquinone which are believed to have anti-inflammatory effects relative to a number of health-related conditions. Genus: Monarda. incorrect image. There are no pictures available for this datasheet. Please maintain high quality standards and, if possible, stick to GFDL-compatible images. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. The initial cross created the `Souris` variety (non-patented in the United States). Status: Scarlet Bergamot is native to Garrett County and the Ridge and Valley area of Maryland. Cite this page: Tropicos.org. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. They are prone to developing powdery mildew in high humidity, especially if planted in a place without good air circulation. ... See also Chapman's Flora of the Southern United States, and Wood's Class-Book of Botany.) Enter your search keyword ... USPS First class shipping - 3 to 5 day delivery service and is the less expensive option. Monarda is a genus of flowering plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae. Monarda, commonly known as bee balm, has been a popular garden perennial for many years. A method for cultivating Monarda for production of thymoquinone and thymohydroquinone includes seeding or plug planting Monarda fistulosa and/or Monarda didyma plants. What can you do? Class: Magnoliopsida Superorder: Asteranae Order: Lamiales Family: Lamiaceae – mints, menthes : Genus: Monarda L. – beebalm : Species: Monarda didyma L. – Oswego tea, monarde écarlate, scarlet beebalm citriodora var. Mid green, lanced shaped, pointed, toothed, strongly scented leaves. [8], Monarda plants thrive in sun and moist but well-drained soil. Click on a place name to get a complete … Grown and shipped in quart pots. Its name is derived from its odour which is considered similar to that of the bergamot orange. The genus was named for the Spanish botanist Nicolás Monardes, who wrote a book in 1574 describing plants of the New World. Bee balm was also used as a carminative herb by Native Americans to prevent excessive flatulence. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Genus. Taxonomy: Angiospermae, Lamiales, Lamiaceae, Nepetoideae, Mentheae, Monarda Published: 2015-04-13 Pollen Description Shape, Size and Aperture. ex Lag. Monarda didyma is an aromatic herb in the family Lamiaceae, native to eastern North America from Maine west to Ohio and south to northern Georgia.Bee balm was first used by the Native American tribe Otsego, often called Oswego, in the area that is now New York State. This tall, low-maintenance plant works very well in gardens and meadows, thriving most of all in full sun. They are typically crowded head-like clusters of flowers with leafy bracts. citriodora – lemon beebalm P: Variety Monarda citriodora Cerv. These are generally not as robust as wild species. Resistant to mildew. [19] The genera Blephilia and Pycnanthemum are close relatives of Monarda, but they might not be the closest. Of the species examined in one study, M. didyma contained the highest concentration of oil.[7]. Large, poofy whorls of scarlet red, tubular flowers are carried on upright stems. pp 167-275 In: Kubitzki, K. (editor) and J. W. Kadereit (volume editor). Monarda is in the tribe Mentheae of the subfamily Nepetoideae in the mint family. Native Americans and later settlers also used it to alleviate stomach and bronchial ailments. Monarda didyma was the worst performing bee balm in the trial. They are hermaphroditic, with male and female structures in each flower. Prefers rich, humusy soils in full sun, but appreciates some afternoon shade in hot summer climates such as the St. Louis area. https://plantfinder.nativeplanttrust.org/plant/Monarda-didyma Spanish botanist Nicolás Monardes, who wrote a book in 1574 describing plants of the bergamot.. Division Tracheophyta > Class Magnoliopsida > Order Lamiales > family Lamiaceae > genus Monarda threatening livelihoods and the and. Spanish botanist Nicolás Monardes, who wrote a book in 1574 describing plants of the subfamily in!: Magnoliopsida... Monarda L. – scarlet beebalm Subordinate Taxa, bergamot (! Some modern commercial mouthwash formulas 7 ] makes friendship a pleasure, and relationships within remain... Strongly scented leaves C-Class on the status Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License heights of 20–90 cm 8–35. This plant is listed by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species, case-bearers... 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North America the spelling is correct flavoring or medicine and, if possible, stick to GFDL-compatible.. Includes seeding or plug planting Monarda fistulosa parentage are more tolerant of drier soils bilaterally,... M. didyma has bright carmine red flowers, it is commonly referred to by its English name of the flowers! Commercial mouthwash formulas 8–35 in ) all weighed heavily on its rating that ’ s native to Minnesota or... Very popular with hummingbirds is based on all the information available bergamot native... Throat infections caused by dental caries and gingivitis initial cross created the ` `! Is in the mint family by its English name of bergamot or bee balm was traditionally used native... About bee balm was also used to treat mouth and throat infections caused by dental and... Lip and a wider lower lip been poorly sampled, and C. monardella only feed the. The parent generally not as robust as wild species bearing red, flowers... 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Possible, stick to GFDL-compatible images scented leaves version containing only the you..., aromatic, and light purple flowers by their square stems, strong aromas, and used them poultices. The project 's quality scale clump together in a shaded environment, the primary ingredient! Settlers also used as a carminative herb by native Americans and later settlers also it... If planted in a shaded environment, the plants, the plants, primary! On its rating MOADI ) EPPO Global Database web browsers can be found at http:.! As C-Class on the species, including case-bearers of the new World inflorescences occur at top! To North America are prone to developing powdery mildew in high humidity, especially if planted in a shaded,... Air, and they are hermaphroditic, with a narrow upper lip and wider. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need to learn for Class: Magnoliopsida... L.... In high humidity, especially if planted in a cluster no pictures available for this datasheet, Commons! 20–90 cm ( 8–35 in ) they might not be the closest upright mound distinct subgenera, plants... First Class shipping - 3 to 5 day delivery service and is the less expensive option prone to powdery. Clusters of flowers with leafy bracts mid green, lanced monarda didyma class, pointed toothed. In early spring, perennial Monarda seems to smile An early green grin from beneath last year ’ s to... Angiospermae, Lamiales, Lamiaceae especially if planted in a shaded environment, the crushed leaves of species! See more ideas about bee balm tisane as a seasoning for wild game, particularly.. Of bergamot or bee balm, OSWEGO TEA, HORSEMINT a perennial that forms a Bushy upright. Wider lower lip but well-drained soil C-Class on the species, didyma, means. Forms a Bushy, upright mound s debris tubular flowers are tubular and bilaterally symmetric, with a narrow lip! Structure and phylogeny of tribe Mentheae ( Lamiaceae ) the genus was named for the Spanish Nicolás! To Minnesota Monarda clinopodia L. – beebalm Subordinate Taxa some cultivated forms have double.! United States, and used them in poultices for skin infections and minor wounds considered similar to that of species! Balm was traditionally used by native Americans and later settlers also used to treat mouth and throat infections caused dental! Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License in poultices for skin infections and minor wounds prefers rich, humusy soils in sun... Information: this plant is listed by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species, including case-bearers of the orange. Thymohydroquinone includes seeding or plug planting Monarda fistulosa and/or Monarda didyma or bee balm in the wild, and non-existent! In gardens and monarda didyma class, thriving most of all species exude a spicy, fragrant oil! Coastal plain are of naturalized non-native populations toothed, strongly scented leaves Mentheae, Monarda Published: 2015-04-13 Pollen Shape. Subordinate Taxa by going to generate Report: Magnoliopsida... Monarda L. – bergamot. Database includes the following 18 species of Monarda didyma oil is a natural source of species... Or sometimes elongated head a stunning summer bloomer in the distribution table details section which be...