… With their election, NAM members make a commitment to volunteer their service in National Academies activities. For elucidating the three-dimensional structure of the G-protein-coupled receptor rhodopsin; determining the structure and function of rhodopsin kinase and other critical visual cycle proteins; defining the biochemistry of cyclic GMP metabolism in photoreceptors; developing two-photon imaging for the retina and retinal pigment epithelium; and pioneering therapies for inherited retinopathies. Nita Ahuja, M.D., M.B.A., William H. Carmalt Professor of Surgery and chair, department of surgery, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn.  For changing our understanding of the cells of origin in multiple tumor types, and the role of epigenetic dysregulation in gastrointestinal cancers, leading to the development of biomarkers for early detection of colorectal and pancreatic cancers, and epigenetic therapeutics. George Fu Gao, D.V.M., D.Phil., director-general, Chinese Center for Disease Control & Prevention (China CDC); and director and professor, CAS Key Laboratory of Pathogenic Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China. For contributions in numerous scientific committees and scholarship that have set new standards for responses to emerging epidemics. Compiled by BOBBIE COLLINS October 19, 2020 Awards and Achievements Nine HMS faculty members are among 100 new members elected by the National Academy of Medicine. For discovering fundamental principles underlying differentiation and self-renewal of hematopoietic stem cells, revealing how epigenetic regulation is required for differentiation and how the immune system coordinates hematopoietic regeneration in response to pathogens. The induction of three Georgia Tech scholars into the National Academy of Sciences marked a significant milestone for the Institute. NAN members work in the most prestigious universities, hospitals and private practices throughout the world and are at the forefront of cutting-edge research and rehabilitation in the field of brain behavior relationships. Peter Margolis, M.D., Ph.D., co-director, James M. Anderson Center for Health Systems Excellence, and professor of pediatrics, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati. 2 in the U.S. North Avenue, Atlanta, GA 30332 Julia A. Haller, M.D., ophthalmologist-in-chief and William Tasman M.D. Anthony P. Adamis, M.D., senior vice president, development innovation, Genentech/Roche; and lecturer in ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School, South San Francisco. The vaccine was first tested in monkeys and hamsters; phase three human trials are now underway.He previously developed a vaccine against … Further technical details are presented in SI Appendix . Become a mentee and a world of expertise is just a click away. Dan Barouch began developing a vaccine for SARS CoV-2 in January. The National Academy of Medicine and eight other national organizations call for key actions to be taken in order to do the most good possible for the largest number of people with limited resources. The National Academy of Medicine (NAM) today joined eight other national organizations to call for governors, health departments, hospitals, and other health care sector partners to take immediate action to save lives and fairly allocate limited resources by implementing crisis standards of care (CSC) during the current COVID-19 surge. National Academicians. The other new members are Thomas Kurfess, who has helped guide the digital transformation of manufacturing in the George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering; Alexander Shapiro in the H. Milton Stewart School of Industrial and Systems Engineering, who studies optimization modeling that involves uncertainty; and Susan Margulies. November 2020 GAO-21-7SP . For bench-to-community research in gene-environment interaction studies on blood pressure among African Americans that has provided novel contributions on SDoH and omic underpinnings of hypertension. Athanasiou was … Wilkes was among 100 new members elected this week. Oct 19 2020 | By Alexis Newman | Photo Credit: EILEEN BARROSO. The National Academy of Medicine, established in 1970 as the Institute of Medicine, is an independent organization of eminent professionals from diverse fields including health and medicine; the natural, social, and behavioral sciences; and beyond. A diversity of talent among NAM’s membership is assured by its Articles of Organization, which stipulate that at least one-quarter of the membership is selected from fields outside the health professions — for example, from such fields as law, engineering, social sciences, and the humanities. The 2020 NAI Fellow class collectively holds more than 4,700 issued U.S. patents. For pioneering the understanding of how system-level interventions, benefit design, and cost sharing affect quality and outcomes for low-income persons with diabetes. Catherine S. Woolley, Ph.D., William Deering Chair in Biological Sciences and professor, departments of neurobiology and neurology, Northwestern University, Evanston, Ill.  For pioneering research demonstrating estrogen-driven plasticity of neural circuitry and sex-dependent molecular signaling in brain areas related to cognition, epilepsy, and affective disorders. For creating microfluidic devices with “real life” clinical applications in cancer diagnosis, prenatal diagnosis, regenerative medicine, and tissue engineering. — Regan Bailey’s career as a nutritional epidemiologist has always been about exploring choices people and families make regarding nutrition quality and quantity. For pioneering work in the epidemiology of dementia, and leadership in identifying modifiable risk factors that transformed the field of cognitive aging and revolutionized our concept of dementia prevention. It’s the first time three members of the Tech community joined the Academy in the same year — and they represent three different colleges. Dunbar, Liu, and Mendell joined 87 regular members and 10 international members elected this year who have demonstrated outstanding professional achievement and commitment to service, according to the announcement. For leadership in improving access and quality care for underserved communities, as chief medical officer for the nation’s largest public health plan and as a driving force as founding CEO of the state-of-the-art Martin Luther King Jr. Community Hospital in a deeply underserved section of Los Angeles. The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit institution that was established under a congressional charter signed by President Abraham Lincoln in 1863. For research that provided the scientific rationale for folic acid flour fortification to prevent spina bifida and anencephaly, for effective prenatal screening of spina bifida and Down syndrome, and for prohibiting smoking in public places. For leadership in the field of innate immunity and identifying Nod-like receptors (NLRs) and the link between NOD2 and Crohn’s disease. For pioneering small-scale technologies to interface cells with synthetic platforms, with applications in liver tissue regeneration, diagnostics, and cancer therapy, and developing human microlivers that model drug metabolism and liver disease, achieving novel high-throughput models for diseases such as hepatitis C and human malaria. The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine also encourage education and research, recognize outstanding contributions to knowledge, and increase public understanding. Scott L. Rauch, M.D., president, psychiatrist-in-chief, and Rose-Marie and Eijk van Otterloo Endowed Chair of Psychiatry, McLean Hospital; and professor of psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, Belmont, Mass. For pioneering kidney exchange and HIV-to-HIV transplantation, from initial research to congressional bill to implementation and national clinical impact, and for changing the landscape of understanding transplant risk prediction through novel big data approaches. Emerging Science, Technology, & Innovation, Pandemic & Seasonal Influenza Vaccine Preparedness and Response, Vital Directions for Health & Health Care, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. It is responsible for intestinal absorption of calcium and bone health. Tejal Kanti Gandhi, M.D., M.P.H., chief clinical and safety officer, Institute for Healthcare Improvement, Boston. Catherine J. Wu, M.D., professor of medicine, Harvard Medical School, and chief, Division of Stem Cell Transplantation and Cellular Therapies, department of medical oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston. sunrays, and then transported to the liver and kidney, where it is transformed into an active hormone. For leadership positions in the World Health Organization and the International AIDS Society, challenging conventions in HIV treatment and prevention, and dedication to ending the epidemic. For pioneering work in defining the molecular mechanisms of long-term memory storage, and identifying how these processes go awry in neurodevelopmental and psychiatric disorders. For leading scholarly work on the design and impact of policies on mental health and addiction, and showing how policies affect access to health care and social services, financing, and mortality for those with mental illness and addiction. Jackson and C.J. Contact For seminal research that has defined a new category of developmental brain disorder of the human central nervous system, especially the brainstem and cranial nerves, manifesting as congenital ocular or facial dysmotility, and often accompanied by motor and cognitive dysfunction as well as non-neurological birth defects. Last month, ASGCT Past-President Cynthia E. Dunbar, M.D., and Members David R. Liu, Ph.D., and Jerry R. Mendell, M.D. Phone: +1-813-974-4438 Fax: +1-813-974-4962. For elucidating the neurocircuitry of anxiety disorders including PTSD and obsessive-compulsive disorder, which has been instrumental in the development of novel treatments. The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine are the nation's pre-eminent source of high-quality, objective advice on science, engineering, and health matters. For making seminal discoveries that speak to how cells maintain their own genome stability, allow chromosome fragility, and license leukemogenesis at the hands of aberrant DNA repair. Hongjie Dai, Ph.D., J.G. Margulies is the Wallace H. Coulter Professor and Chair in the Wallace H. Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering (BME) at Georgia Institute of Technology and Emory University, a shared department between the two schools. Recently Bailey was honored for her work on measuring nutritional status to optimize health by being elected as one of 100 new members of the “Their expertise will be vital to addressing today’s most pressing health and scientific challenges and informing the future of health and medicine for the benefit of us all. She is also a Georgia Research Alliance Eminent Scholar in Injury Biomechanics. Ellen R. Meara, Ph.D., Peggy Y. Thomson Professor in the Evaluative Clinical Sciences, Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice, Geisel School of Medicine, Dartmouth College, Lebanon, N.H.  For contributions in understanding how technological change and government policies affect health outcomes and inequality and establishing how innovations in neonatal care affect inequality, and the health impact of policies such as black-box warnings, health insurance, and state-level opioid restrictions. (Postponed. For his thought and executive leadership of the agency’s essential research functions and early and innovative direction of primary care and practice transformation research portfolios that has shaped national thinking and guided $1 billion in research and demonstration efforts by AHRQ. Established originally as the Institute of Medicine in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Medicine addresses critical issues in health, science, medicine and related policy and inspires positive actions across sectors. Carol J. Baker, M.D., professor of pediatrics, Division of Infectious Diseases, McGovern Medical School, University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston. Jorge E. Galán, D.V.M., Ph.D., Lucille P. Markey Professor of Microbial Pathogenesis, professor of cell biology, and chair, department of microbial pathogenesis, Boyer Center for Molecular Medicine, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn.  For pioneering the study of the pathogenesis of salmonella and campylobacter and the study of type III protein secretion systems, and for catalyzing the birth of the field of cellular microbiology. James Tilmon Dalton, Ph.D., dean and professor of pharmaceutical sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. For designing and leading international multicenter studies, and creating several patient-centered outcome metrics that inform study design and clinical decision-making in surgery. Adrian R. Krainer, Ph.D., St. Giles Foundation Professor, Watson School of Biological Sciences, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y.  For his work in developing Nusinersen (Spinraza), effectively curing otherwise fatal spinal muscular atrophy. Becoming a National Academician is a lifetime honor given annually by the current National Academicians—it cannot be applied for or solicited. Deborah Estrin, Ph.D.,  professor of computer science, Cornell University, and associate dean for impact, Cornell Tech, New York City. 2020-2021 NAE Awards Call for Nominations, January 1 through April 1 Photoresist Pioneers Receive the 2020 Charles Stark Draper Prize for Engineering 2020 Bernard M. 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