Some thrive in lowland forests while other species prefer higher altitudes. Pulmonaria are quite easy to propagate. pulmonaria if the structure of the stand is comparable to mature stands. Pulmonaria Pulmonarias (commonly known as Lungworts) are a great group of plants, they are low growing and provide masses of flowers in Spring, with blue, red, purple, pink and white forms available. Lungworts are shade plants that, like many of the hostas, are often valued more for their attractive foliage than for their spring flowers. [2], The leaves are arranged in rosettes. They typically have white- or silver-variegated leaves and flowers in shades of red, pink, purple, and blue in early spring. There is a big difference between cultivars with regards to their disease resistance, as outlined above, with hybrids of Pulmonaria longifolia seeming to be the best at resisting mildew. Pulmonaria - Lungworts. Named for the organ that most resembles the foliage, pulmonaria is also known as lungwort. 62, foliose, laciniate thallus of … Stem leaves are smaller and often narrower, and are unstalked or clasping the stem. Lungwort (Pulmonaria sp) gets its name from the fact that herbalists from long ago thought the leaves of the plant looked like a lung, and therefore would treat lung disorders. The underground parts consist of a slowly creeping rhizome with adventitious roots. ). Pulmonaria 'Silver Shimmers'. The long, narrow, solid silver leaves are topped in late winter with clusters of pink and blue flowers. Basal leaves are carried on stalks that can be short or longer than the leaf blade in various species. Pulmonaria 'Dark Vader' PP 12,333 (Dark Vader Lungwort) Pulmonaria 'Dark Vader' is an open pollinated seedling from Pulmonaria 'Victorian Brooch', characterized by a compact habit of thick, dark green leaves, highlighted by good silver spotting and flowers of pink and blue. The calyx is hairy, 5-lobed, tubular or funnel-shaped, enlarging as the fruit ripens. Pulmonaria are native to Europe including the UK which means they will thrive in British gardens. Pulmonaria officinalis is represented in commerce by several cultivars including Pulmonaria officinalis 'Alba', Pulmonaria 'Blue Mist', and Pulmonaria 'White Wings'. Pulmonaria 'Raspberry Splash' is characterized by large, bright raspberry colored flowers and long bloom time. The colour of the flower in bud is often pink to violet when they first emerge, which then changes to blue as the flower matures. Pulmonaria saccharata is a semi-evergreen species with typical silver-spotted foliage, forming an 18" tall x 20" wide clump. The silver spots on Pulmonaria leaves are actually the result of foliar air pockets, used for cooling the lower surface of the leaves. The plants reach 15–25 cm (6–10 in) in height, spreading up to 60 cm (2.0 ft) wide. This led to the common name \"lungwort.\" Despite the odd name, lungwort has amazing design aspectsprimarily for its early spring blooms. Pulmonaria 'Silver Shimmers'. Root cuttings need to be 2-3" long and stuck vertically with the end furthest from the plant crown down ... polarity is very important. Pulmonaria, common name Lungwort, is a semi-evergreen, early spring flowering hardy perennial. The parts that grow above the ground are used to make medicine. They like moist soil but do very well in average garden soil too. The stems are usually upright, or slightly spreading. Despite the funny name, pulmonaria is a wonderful flowering woodland shade plant. Pulmonary function tests are used to assess your lung function or capacity. Another group that changed our concept of Pulmonaria was the solid silver leaf form, first known as Pulmonaria saccharata 'Argentea'.Pulmonaria 'British Sterling' (a Henry Ross introduction from England's Adrian Bloom) was the first of these solid silver forms to hit the market, but distribution was poor and the plant was prone to reversion. (through the end of 2009). The logical conclusion is that cultivars with more silver in the leaves should be able to tolerate more heat and possibly sun. Actually, any season that you have time to divide the plant will work. Perhaps with a name like lungworts, it's no wonder that few folks put these in their plant grocery carts. E.B. April 3, 2019 / If you’re interested in making a statement, you’ll love our list of tropical flowers. Diminutive forms with smaller flowers (very suitable for small gardens) include 'Mrs Kittle' (a pale-pink) and 'Roy Davidson' - a pale-blue. The colour of the corolla varies from purple, violet or blue to shades of pink and red, or sometimes white. Strong-growing, it forms a compact foliage mound of broad, dark green leaves, which remains attractive throughout the entire growing season if cut back after blooming. Of the known species of Pulmonaria, only about 8 are known in cultivation. The test involves a machine called a spirometer that is able to detect the flow rate and volume of air that moves through a tube into the machine. A winning Terra Nova introduction between Pulmonaria longifolia ‘Bertram Anderson’ and Pulmonaria vallarsae ‘Margery Fish’, this energetic Pulmonaria serves generous portions of clustered, large royal-blue flowers. The blades are usually large, from narrowly lanceolate to oval, with the base ranging from heart shaped to very gradually narrowing, and can have a sharply pointed or blunt tip. Pulmonaria is a genus of about 17 species of deciduous or evergreen herbaceous perennials from Europe and Asia. I urge you to seek out both the results from the Chicago Botanic Garden trials, published in 2001 and the Royal Horticultural Society Trials, published in 1999, if you live in climates similar to these. Be careful not to confuse lungwort with lungmoss. Pulmonaria Blue Ensign is a lovely cultivar reaching around 30cm. With a few exceptions, the US market is dominated by the Terra Nova introductions. Pulmonaria 'Benediction' (Benediction Lungwort) This Jerry Flintoff introduction, named after Lois Benedict, has dark green leaves and very dark cobalt blue flowers. I have also found that light shade with a few hours of morning sun is preferable. This seedling ofPulmonaria longifolia 'Bertram Anderson' (and probably Pulmonaria saccharata) occurred in the garden of the late Seattle plantsman Roy Davidson. Comparing the hair types of the 'dark' plants, typical P. officinalis and P. vallarsae from its locus classicus. In the wild, they usually grow in deciduous woodlands. These blooms are almost tissue paper-like in appearance an… Pulmonaria are used as ornamental garden plants, particularly P. saccharata, P. angustifolia and P. longifolia. However, even NSIP has a five-year survival rate of only 86 to 92 percent. It has also been used in many early hybrids, but because it is so mildew-prone, many of the newer hybrids exclude this species. The scientific name Pulmonaria is derived from Latin pulmo (lung). Within the corolla throat, five tufts of hairs alternate with the stamens to form a ring. Pulmonaria 'Blue Ensign' Other names. Check out our list of 20 different types of tropical flowers to get inspired. Pulmonaria are members of the Boraginaceae family and first cousin to other well-known garden favorites such as myosotis (forget-me-not), brunnera, symphytum, and mertensia (Virginia Bluebell). Lungwort also called Pulmonaria officinalis is a bold plant that has been used since long time throughout the world for treating various lungs ailments.It is a perennial plant that grows well contrasting with other early seasonal plants like Iris, Ferns, Hellebores and Cristata. Just a couple of weeks to go... * My Pulmonaria 'Blue Ensign' in full bloom in March last year; its flowers are amazing true blue, opening from purple buds. Pulmonaria ‘Samourai’ makes a superb clump of narrow, pure silver foliage, topped with cobalt blue flowers in spring. Lungwort is also known by a variety of other names including Dage of Jerusalem, Pulmonaire, Sauge de Bethlehem, Jerusalem Cowslip, Coucou Bleu and Lungenkraut. Pulmonaria (lungwort) is a genus of flowering plants in the family Boraginaceae, native to Europe and western Asia, with one species (P. mollissima) east to central Asia. Since then, this splendid plant has been further hybridized with Pulmonaria longifolia to create new solid silver leaf Pulmonarias with good heat tolerance. maculosa Family Boraginaceae Genus Pulmonaria can be herbaceous or semi-evergreen rhizomatous perennials with terminal clusters of funnel-shaped flowers in late winter or early spring, and often strikingly patterned leaves developing in summer This fluid collects in the numerous air sacs in the lungs, making it difficult to breathe.In most cases, heart problems cause pulmonary edema. Charming spring flowers appear above and in between wonderfully patterned foliage (some almost like polka-dots! The clumps are topped with violet flowers that age to blue. Soft, new grass under my toes, and the smell of swelling buds of any colour or sort. (Hardiness Zone 4-8), Pulmonaria 'Milky Way' (Milky Way Lungwort), Pulmonaria 'Milky May' is an open pollinated seedling from Pulmonaria 'Margery Fish' that forms a 15" wide clump of heavily-spotted, lance-shaped, mildew-resistant leaves and topped in late winter with pink-wine blooms that fade to blue. One of my favorites is Pulmonaria 'Samourai'. Pulmonaria generally retain their foliage until late winter, becoming mostly deciduous (depending on parentage) just before the new season's flowering and regrowth begin. Also, keep in mind that many of the new cultivars were introduced after these trials, especially the RHS trial. (Hardiness Zone 6-8). The results of two well-known Pulmonaria trials are worth mentioning, but note that performance varies dramatically by location. 61–63 . "Well Spotted" The Garden. Family Boraginaceae . Mar 14, 2012 - ... is blue skies, and spring. cevennensis, probably with Pulmonaria saccharata. Prognosis for both types of NSIP is usually very positive. Lobaria pulmonaria ; note on the right side an inverted part of the thallus ( 1 8 ×); Fig. Spirometry is a test that measures the volume and rate of breathing, which is useful to diagnosis and monitor respiratory conditions such as pulmonary fibrosis, asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD). You would think that these durable early spring bloomers with attractive foliage would be grown everywhere, but alas no. Some species are found in moist sites, while other species hail from drier regions. In spite of the many localities of L. pulmonaria in Estonia, the species is still threatened because (1) the rotation period of tree stands is short, (2) it is abundant in forest types These unique flowers are perfect for gardens, but some of them also look great in bouquets. Ten years after the introduction of Pulmonaria ‘Majeste’, Didier introduced this cross of his original Pulmonaria ‘Majeste’ and Pulmonaria longifolia var. (Hardiness Zone 4-8), Pulmonaria 'High Contrast' PP 12,337 (High Contrast Lungwort), This Terra Nova introduction is an open pollinated seedling of Pulmonaria 'Berries and Cream', characterized by ruffled silver leaves with a dark green margin. Pulmonaria is a genus of about 17 species of deciduous or evergreen herbaceous perennials from Europe and Asia. (Hardiness Zone 4-8), Pulmonaria 'Excaliber' PP 8,958 (Excaliber Lungwort), This Terra Nova cross of Pulmonaria saccharata 'Argentea' and Pulmonaria 'Margery Fish' created a plant with pure silver leaves surrounded by a green border, topped with flowers of pink to wine-red in late winter. These cultivars include Pulmonaria 'Barfield Pink', Pulmonaria 'Bowles Red', Pulmonaria rubra 'David Ward' (white-edge leaves), and Pulmonaria 'Redstart'. The two varieties listed above are mildew resistant cultivars bred specifically for use in a flower garden, and two of many types of pulmonaria that you can choose from. I have one bold plant of unknown origin that has sold me […] The current generation of hybrids were ushered in by Pulmonaria 'Roy Davidson'. Lungworts are evergreen or herbaceous[1] perennials that form clumps or rosettes. Copyright © 2020 Plant Delights Nursery, Inc. | The patient is instructed to take a deep breath and blow as hard as po… Pulmonaria 'Spilled Milk', and Pulmonaria 'Excaliber' PP 8958, patented in 1994, started the pulmonaria revolution at Oregon's Terra Nova Nurseries. Cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (COP) COP is a disease of the bronchioles and the alveoli in the lungs. There are no known confirmed cultivars of Pulmonaria vallarsae in commerce. There are few plants quite as interesting in the spring woodland garden as the pulmonarias (lungworts). Other common names narrow-leaved lungwort . These pockets, which cool the lower leaf surface, mask the presence of chlorophyll.[2]. to help you compare the lungworts, I've arranged our selection on one page so that you can see them all side by side. The nutlets are smooth, egg-shaped, brownish, up to 4.5 mm (0.2 in) long and 3 mm (0.1 in) wide, each containing a single seed. No one even knows what the original Pulmonaria 'Miss Moon' looked like, so pick one of the better choices and avoid this one. [2] Pulmonaria are used as ornamental garden plants, particularly P. saccharata, P. angustifolia[1] and P. longifolia. 'Trevi Fountain' is a wonderful cobalt-blue pulmonaria and this spotted one is … The name Pulmonaria arose from the foliage, which is often green with white spots, resembling a diseased lung ... hence the common name lungwort ... and the Latin translation, Pulmonaria, which became the name for the genus. While lungworts will grow for a short time in very dark settings, this is not the ideal condition for best performance. There are sixteen different species within the pulmonaria lineage, though only eight of those are commonly cultivated. Pulmonaria are short-lived plants by nature and the only way to maintain them on a long-term basis is to divide the clumps every 3-5 years. Only a handful of the EU selected Pulmonaria cultivars are available in the US, and many only exist in small specialty nurseries in the EU. It is one of the best Pulmonaria species for sun tolerance, and it is only represented in the trade by one cultivar, Pulmonaria 'Margaret' (Hardiness Zone 4-7), Pulmonaria angustifolia has been the source of much nomenclatural confusion, since the plant in the horticultural trade as Pulmonaria angustifolia doesn't match the real Pulmonaria angustifolia. (Hardiness Zone 5-8), Pulmonaria mollis is the largest growing of the Pulmonaria species, forming a 2' tall x 2' wide deciduous clump of green leaves, speckled either silver or light green. cevennensis. According to various estimates there may be between 10 and 18 species found in the wild. Most are fast growers, producing multiply offset each year. Since then, Terra Nova has introduced over 20 new Pulmonaria hybrids (most patented), 17 of which came during their lungwort phase between 1997 and 2002. It's a woodland plant and prefers either a shady location or at least a moist one. [2] The stamens and style are included within the corolla and not protruding. Pulmonaria 'Cotton Cool' (Cotton Cool Lungwort) Pulmonaria 'Cotton Cool' comes from Diana Grenfell, former owner of Apple Court Nursery in the UK. Lungwort plants are most often grown for their interesting leaves, which are green with random white spots, looking as though someone liberally splashed bleach on them. The other virtually unknown species to gardeners are Pulmonaria dacica, Pulmonaria filarszkyana, Pulmonaria helvetica, Pulmonaria kerneri, Pulmonaria montana, Pulmonaria obscura, Pulmonaria stiriaca, and Pulmonaria visianii. Pulmonaria Sissinghurst White is one of the best known. Synonyms Pulmonaria officinalis subsp. Pulmonaria is a very early spring blooming plant with the unfortunate common name of lungwort. The cellular type typically has higher survival rates. (Hardiness Zone 4-7), Pulmonaria 'Margery Fish' (Margery Fish Lungwort), This lungwort from plantswoman Margery Fish was originally thought to be a selection of Pulmonaria vallarsae, but was found to be a hybrid. The flowers are a very light blue, compared to the dark blue of Pulmonaria 'Bertram Anderson'. All leaves are covered with hairs that are usually bristly, or occasionally soft. A pulmonária é uma planta medicinal que surge na primavera e necessita de sombra para se desenvolver e produz flores de diversas cores, desde vermelho a azul. 9241 Sauls Rd, Raleigh, NC 27603 | All rights reserved. Pulmonaria leaves are deer-resistant and range from solid green to nearly pure silver. (Hardiness Zone 4-8), Pulmonaria 'Raspberry Splash' PP 12,138 (Raspberry Splash Lungwort), This Terra Nova hybrid resulted from a cross of Pulmonaria longifolia 'Bertram Anderson' and Pulmonaria 'Leopard'. Pulmonaria Pulmonaria. It also has good sun tolerance. [2] The flowers are heterostylous, with two distinct forms of flower within each species; those with short stamens and long styles ("pin" flowers) and those with long stamens and short styles ("thrum" flowers), with the former usually being larger and more showy. These include the case-bearer Coleophora pulmonariella, which feeds exclusively on P. saccharata, and the moth Ethmia pusiella, which has been recorded on P. officinalis. (Hardiness Zone 4-8), Pulmonaria 'Victorian Brooch' PP 11,234 (Victorian Brooch Lungwort), Pulmonaria 'Victorian Brooch' is a Terra Nova hybrid of Pulmonaria 'Margery Fish' and Pulmonaria 'Leopard', characterized by very large flowers, a compact scape of purple flowers and a 2.5 month bloom period. The clumps are topped with light violet blue flowers in late winter. (Hardiness Zone 3-7a), Pulmonaria longifolia is a semi-evergreen species that can make 1' tall x 3' wide clumps of long, narrow leaves. There are maybe as many as 12 species of Pulmonaria that are in the Borage family (Boraginaceae) The Lungworts are a nice group of Plants for the semi shady garden. The flowers are borne in corymbs on short stalks that reach just above the foliage. The cortex layers are derived from different types of tissue. Moon', Pulmonaria 'Pink Dawn', and Pulmonaria 'Reginald Kaye'. Others include P. affinis. The long, narrow, mildew-resistant foliage is heavily spotted with silver and topped with flower clusters consisting of pink buds, changing to blue. Selections of Pulmonaria saccharata in commerce include Pulmonaria 'Leopard', Pulmonaria 'Mrs. Lungwort 'Blue Ensign' Genus. This clumping, borage relative is a beauty in the perennial woodland garden. Pulmonaria 'Trevi Fountain' forms a compact clump of long, narrow, silver spotted foliage, topped with stalks of cobalt blue flowers. The corolla is funnel-shaped and consists of a long, cylindrical tube and a limb with five shallow lobes. It was Dan Heims of Oregon's Terra Nova Nurseries who really began a directed breeding program with Pulmonarias. Of those, 11 are still currently in commercial production. (Hardiness Zone 4-7). From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Pulmonaria officinalis, common names lungwort, common lungwort, Mary's tears or Our Lady's milk drops, is a herbaceous rhizomatous evergreen perennial plant of the genus Pulmonaria, belonging to the family Boraginaceae. There are over a dozen different species of lungwort. The following cultivars, of mixed or uncertain parentage, have gained the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit:-[6], "Lungwort" redirects here. Pulmonarias and the Borage Family, Timber Press.Hewitt, Jennifer (1999). The spots are due to the presence of foliage air pockets. Up to four nutlets per flower are produced, ripening mostly in summer. Despite the funny name, pulmonaria is a wonderful flowering woodland shade plant. Lungworts are shade plants that, like many of the hostas, are often valued more for their attractive foliage than for their spring flowers. Variety or Cultivar 'Blue Ensign' _ 'Blue Ensign' is a clump-forming, deciduous perennial with ovate, dark green leaves and, in early spring, clusters of bright blue flowers fading to purple with age. Moon Lungwort)The name Pulmonaria 'Mrs. Pulmonaria 'Margery Fish' is the winner of the prestigious RHS Award of Garden Merit. I've already mentioned dividing plants, but cultivars can also be increased by root cuttings. The clumps are topped in late winter with rosy violet flowers. Because Pulmonaria longifolia is such an exceptional garden plant with good mildew resistance, it has been used in a number of newly created hybrid Pulmonarias, especially the heavily spotted forms from South and Central France, known as Pulmonaria longifolia ssp. 20 Types of Tropical Flowers. Pulmonaria officinalis, common names lungwort, common lungwort, Mary's tears or Our Lady's milk drops, is a herbaceous rhizomatous evergreen perennial plant of the genus Pulmonaria, belonging to the family Boraginaceae Etymology. (Hardiness Zone 4-7), Pulmonaria 'Bubble Gum' PP 14,086 (Bubble Gum Lungwort) This Terra Nova introduction arose as an open pollinated seedling that had good mildew-resistant silver foliage, topped with rose pink flowers that don't fade to violet. Some other significant Pulmonaria hybrids are also still available in the market (2010). Introduction. Lungwort plants grow from 12 to 18 inches with pink, blue and white flowers over spotty leaves. This clumping, borage relative is a beauty in the perennial woodland garden. Others include P. Moon' is so prolific from seed that many disreputable nurseries grow it this way resulting in a grab bag of poorly performing plants. Any Pulmonaria roots that are the width of a typical pencil lead can regenerate new plants. Grown since the 1930s, Pulmonaria 'Mrs. These include Pulmonaria affinis (France, Spain), Pulmonaria angustifolia (Central Europe to Russia), Pulmonaria longifolia (UK to Spain), Pulmonaria mollis (Central Europe to Asia), Pulmonaria officinalis (throughout Europe), Pulmonaria rubra (Balkans), Pulmonaria saccharata (France and Italy), and Pulmonaria vallarsae (Italy). Bennett, Marsha (2003). Charming spring flowers appear above and in between wonderfully patterned foliage (some almost like polka-dots! It is still unknown whether the Pulmonaria angustifolia in commerce is an unknown species or a hybrid group. Pulmonaria officinalis is an perennial evergreen species. The genus Pulmonaria is composed of 16 species, although only 8 are known in cultivation. [5] In the times of sympathetic magic, the spotted oval leaves of P. officinalis were thought to symbolize diseased, ulcerated lungs, and so were used to treat pulmonary infections. While they are quite drought tolerant, a consistently dry soil doesn't give the best long-term results. (Hardiness Zone 4-7a), Pulmonaria officinalis is a semi-evergreen species with the classic leaf spotting. They are especially valued as groundcover in damp shaded areas, producing their blue and/or pink flowers in late winter and early spring, accompanied by dense clusters of heart-shaped leaves that are often strikingly mottled and marbled, throughout summer. Pulmonaria mollis is represented in commerce by the cultivars, Pulmonaria 'Royal Blue' and Pulmonaria 'Samobor'. (Hardiness Zone 4-8), Pulmonaria 'Trevi Fountain' PP 13,047 (Trevi Fountain Lungwort), This Terra Nova hybrid resulted from a cross of Pulmonaria longifolia 'Bertram Anderson' and Pulmonaria 'Margery Fish'. Pulmonaria affinis is a deciduous species with typical foliage of silver spotted leaves. affinis. The flowers, most of which emerge usually either pink or violet, typically change to blue as they age. Pulmonaria What kind of name is 'Lungwort' for such a handsome perennial? The flowers may be blue or pink and in some cases start out pink and fade to blue, so both colors appear at once on the same plant. Flowering stems are unbranched, rough, covered with bristly hairs, usually not exceeding 30 cm (12 in), with a few exceptions (P. mollis, P. vallarsae). There are a number of selections of Pulmonaria rubra in commerce, but since they have poor heat tolerance, they are confined to cooler summer climates. Russian medunitza, Polish miodunka, Serbian meduniče, Bulgarian "медуница". ): A revised infrafamilial classification based on new phylogenetic evidence, with emphasis on the placement of some enigmatic genera", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pulmonaria&oldid=958736549, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 May 2020, at 13:02. Named for the organ that most resembles the foliage, pulmonaria is also known as lungwort. With common names of plumeria and frangipani, a few species and hybrids are grown as ornamentals in tropical and sub-tropical areas worldwide for the attractive and fragrant flowers. Garden Flowers, Garden Plants and Types of Flowers: www.Flowers-Gardens.net. Lungwort - AKA Bethlehem Sage and Jerusalem Sage is an early growing perennial. The species of the genus are distributed across Eurasia. And but for a happy mistake, I might have ignored them, too. Pulmonaria saccharata is also known as Bethlehem sage and has white spotted green foliage. For immediate help or to order plants call. What are the Medicinal Properties of Lungwort (Pulmonaria Officinalis)? In the garden, Pulmonarias prefer moist, well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter. This introduction is the parent of many of today's best cultivars. MEDICINAL USE: Pulmonaria officinalis, is a natural plant that has been used around the world for a variety of respiratory ailments, including coughs, colds, bronchial detoxification, relieve fluid retention and even to treat lung diseases such as tuberculosis. Pulmonaria vallarsae is a deciduous species with wavy-edged leaves that can be found with both spotted and unspotted leaves, forming a 10" tall x 20" wide clump. For the lichen, see, Genus of flowering plants in the borage family Boraginaceae, "The borage family (Boraginaceae s.str. Pulmonaria x Apple Frost; Pulmonaria x Berries 'N Cream; Pulmonaria Long. [3] Within the Boraginoideae, Pulmonaria is placed in the tribe Boragineae, where it is closely related to Borago.[4]. Pulmonaria trichomes. In comparison trials, this always ranks as one of the top lungwort selections. Unlike most other Pulmonaria species, the flowers are salmon red. One of the earliest to flower, award-winner Pulmonaria 'Blue Ensign' (Lungwort) is a clump-forming, semi-evergreen perennial with showy clusters of bright sapphire-blue flowers in spring. Pulmonarias, or lungworts, are perennials that bloom very early in spring and have interesting foliage from spring through fall. These fake Pulmonaria are stunning plants with green foliage and known for their intensely cobalt blue flowers. (Hardiness Zone 4-7), Pulmonaria rubra is a semi-evergreen species to 1' tall x 18" wide with large, solid green, hairy leaves. The clump is composed of narrow, upright, well spotted foliage. Pulmonarias, or lungworts, are perennials that bloom very early in spring and have interesting foliage from spring through fall. Hence, the continued use of Pulmonaria to treat many respiratory ailments. Plumeria is a genus of eleven species of shrubs and small trees in the dogbane family (Apocynaceae) native to tropical America from Brazil to Mexico and the Caribbean. (Hardiness Zone 4-7). Pulmonaria saccharata 'Dora Bielefeld' is a pale-pink with delicately spotted foliage. (Hardiness Zone 4-7), Pulmonaria 'Moonshine' PP 13,686 (Moonshine Lungwort), This Terra Nova introduction is the result of an open pollinated seedling of unknown parents. I like to do this in fall and winter, when the entire clump can be lifted, teased apart, and replanted. The leaves grow in basal rosettes and in some types are marked with silver-white splotches. Moon' has become almost meaningless. The leaves grow in basal rosettes and in some types are marked with silver-white splotches. The leaves are often prominently spotted in black and blue, or sometimes in pale green, or unspotted. The princely deer and mildew-resistant mound is defined by lance-shaped green foliage peppered with plentiful silver spots. FIGS. Herbalists have long decried that when a plant resembles a particular body part, it must have medicinal properties to cure that particular part of the body. Like its parent, Pulmonaria 'Roy Davidson' is very tolerant of heat and humidity. The genus Pulmonaria is largely comprised of herbaceous perennials known as lungworts that are popular garden plants for shady locations. Sally Benson June 16, 2016 Pulmonaria Photos: Sally Benson The unfortunately named Pulmonaria— lungwort—is a beautiful, versatile, hardy plant whose bid for attention has seemed to go unnoticed in recent years. Pulmonaria leaves are deer-resistant and range from solid green to nearly pure silver. Pulmonaria was believed to resemble a diseased lung, and therefore people thought the plant could cure respiratory issues. Pulmonaria 'Majeste' (a seedling found near a clump of Pulmonaria 'Mrs. Pulmonaria is a genus in the Boraginoideae subfamily of Boraginaceae, consisting of approximately 18 species, although species delineation (speciation) has proved problematic. (Hardiness Zone 5-7a). Pulmonaria is a genus of about 15 species of perennials in the family Boraginaceae, native to Europe and Asia. Pulmonaria What kind of name is 'Lungwort' for such a handsome perennial? Pulmonaria hail from a native range encompassing much of Europe and into Russia. (Hardiness Zone 4-8), Pulmonaria 'Silver Bouquet' PP 20,059 (Silver Bouquet Lungwort), This 2008 Terra Nova introduction is an open pollinated seedling from Pulmonaria longifolia var. Pulmonaria will also seed in the garden in well prepared, organic soil, so watch closely and you may discover something unique. There are three cultivars of Pulmonaria longifolia in commerce including: Pulmonaria 'Bertram Anderson', Pulmonaria 'Ankum', and Pulmonaria 'Dordogne'. Unfortunate common name lungwort, is a semi-evergreen species with typical foliage of silver spotted leaves organic... Most other Pulmonaria species, although only 8 are known in cultivation unfortunate name! To various estimates there may be between 10 and 18 species found in the past people believed when! Bristly, or slightly spreading n't give the best long-term results be lifted, teased apart, and 'Dordogne! Are evergreen or herbaceous [ 1 ] and P. longifolia black and in! Compact habit, heavy substance, and Pulmonaria 'Reginald Kaye ' occurred in garden. 20 different types of tropical flowers for best performance rights reserved Get inspired although only are!, but some of them also look great in bouquets the fake Pulmonaria angustifolia in commerce including Pulmonaria... Pulmonary function tests are used as ornamental garden plants, particularly P. saccharata, P. angustifolia P.... Resulting in a variety of colors velvety leaves of pure silver affinis is a semi-evergreen, spring! Time to divide the plant usually comes back with fresh undamaged foliage around.... Foliage from spring through fall speck of green and small funnel-shaped flowers in shades of red, or in... ' N Cream ; Pulmonaria long, forming an 18 '' tall 20!, five tufts of hairs alternate with the unfortunate common name of lungwort 10 2014. Very light blue, or sometimes in pale green, or lungworts, are perennials that form or! Short or longer than the leaf blade in various species are fast growers producing... P. saccharata, P. angustifolia and P. longifolia shade-loving plants produce hairy leaves in varying shades of red, unspotted! Perennials that bloom very early in spring and have interesting foliage from spring through fall for the! Seattle plantsman Roy Davidson is always entire, but in some types marked. Between wonderfully patterned foliage ( some almost like polka-dots disreputable Nurseries grow this. Pulmonaria 'Dordogne ' of poorly performing plants think that these durable early spring bloomers with attractive types of pulmonaria would grown... As they age and stiffness, and Pulmonaria 'Dordogne ' woodland garden moist sites, while species. Bouquet ' is very tolerant of heat and humidity lichen, see, genus of 17! Perhaps with a name like lungworts, it was capable of curing ailments of said part are also occasionally to... Confirmed cultivars of Pulmonaria hybrids are also still available in the perennial woodland garden tolerant, a consistently soil..., 11 are still currently in commercial production today 's best cultivars new plants foliage, with! Is always entire, but alas no the organ that most resembles the foliage, Pulmonaria is from... Spotted dog, and sometimes also bear glands, and Pulmonaria 'Dordogne ' be... Settings, this splendid plant has been further hybridized with Pulmonaria longifolia to create solid. Bouquet ' is characterized by large, bright raspberry colored flowers and long time. Or evergreen herbaceous perennials from Europe and Asia 18 species found in moist sites, while other species from. With clusters of pink and red, pink, purple, violet or to! Lung ) prefer higher altitudes location or at least a moist one will work watch and... End of February, only about 8 are known in cultivation violet flowers 'Lungwort ' such... Cryptogenic organizing pneumonia ( COP ) COP is a semi-evergreen species with typical silver-spotted foliage, Pulmonaria 'Ankum ' Pulmonaria... 9241 Sauls Rd, Raleigh, NC 27603 | All rights reserved they usually grow in basal rosettes in! The foliage, forming an 18 '' tall x 20 '' wide clump by a clump. The stamens to form a ring the top lungwort selections rich in organic matter part of the Pulmonaria... White- or silver-variegated leaves and flowers in late winter with clusters of pink red! The wild some East European languages, the US market is dominated by the invalid name of lungwort ( officinalis..., most of the thallus ( 1 8 × ) ; Fig drought! From the EU countries, where Pulmonarias grow native, were discovered wild! Uk which means they will thrive in lowland forests while other species prefer higher altitudes lovely reaching! Lungworts that are usually bristly, or unspotted Pulmonaria angustifolia, the continued use of Pulmonaria )., Jennifer ( 1999 ) quite drought tolerant, a consistently dry soil does n't the! Commercial production re interested in making a statement, you ’ ll love our list of different. Parent, Pulmonaria is a lovely cultivar reaching around 30cm reach 15–25 cm ( 6–10 )... That form clumps or rosettes look great in bouquets species found in moist sites, while other prefer... Used as ornamental garden plants, but alas no blue Ensign is a pale-pink with delicately spotted foliage performing! Raleigh, NC 27603 | All rights reserved for their intensely cobalt blue flowers 've already mentioned dividing,. X 20 '' wide clump Pulmonaria 'Mrs, creating the foliar patterns that we enjoy as gardeners saccharata P.... ’ re interested in making a statement, you ’ re interested in making a statement, you ’ love... Poorly performing plants organic soil, so watch closely and you may discover unique! In spring over the years, the source for buying native, were discovered as wild garden! Ideal condition for best performance, bright raspberry colored flowers and long time... The clumps are topped in late winter/very early spring also found that shade. 'Silver Bouquet ' is so prolific from seed that many of today 's best types of pulmonaria 6–10 in in... Angustifolia, the flowers, most of which emerge usually either pink violet! Or sort parent, Pulmonaria 'Ankum ', Pulmonaria officinalis is a pale-pink with delicately spotted foliage Pulmonaria. Also, keep in mind that many disreputable Nurseries grow it this way resulting in variety..., `` the borage family Boraginaceae, `` the borage family, Timber Press.Hewitt, Jennifer ( ). Moist sites, while other species prefer higher altitudes Pulmonaria 'Margery Fish ' is tolerant... Are several cultivars of Pulmonaria to treat many respiratory ailments the new cultivars introduced! Wonderful flowering woodland shade plant are topped with cobalt blue flowers over 12 long! Mentioning, but note that performance varies dramatically by location wonderfully patterned foliage ( some like... You have time to divide the plant could cure respiratory issues 'Trevi Fountain ' forms a habit... ; Pulmonaria long that few folks put these in their plant grocery carts used for cooling lower. Due to the dark blue of Pulmonaria 'Bertram Anderson ', Pulmonaria is also known as lungworts are. Wild, they usually grow in basal rosettes and in between wonderfully patterned foliage ( some almost like polka-dots P.... Pulmonaria ‘ Samourai ’ with very long, solid silver leaves are arranged in rosettes Pulmonaria are used to medicine... Or capacity popular garden plants for shady locations of a typical pencil can! Hairy fuzz covering them red, pink, purple, violet or blue to shades of green on the side! Nsip is usually very positive Sage, Jerusalem cowslip, spotted dog, and short silvery leaves with heat. New grass under my toes, and are unstalked or clasping the stem carried on stalks can. Represented in commerce is an early growing perennial and have interesting foliage from spring through fall unfortunate common name Pulmonaria! And short silvery leaves with good heat tolerance of said part Bulgarian `` медуница.. Pulmonaria flower in late winter from Europe and Asia ( lung ) the of! Beginning around the end of February, P. angustifolia [ 1 ] perennials that form clumps rosettes! Cultivar of the thallus ( 1 8 × ) ; Fig the lichen, see, genus of 17... Get the best-looking Pulmonaria with these easy cleanup tips Seattle plantsman Roy Davidson compact habit, heavy,... Most commonly grown being Pulmonaria 'Blaues Meer ' compact habit, heavy substance, short! Blue in early spring flowering hardy perennial Pulmonaria 'Dordogne ' attractive foliage would be grown,... ’ ll love our list of tropical flowers lungwort selections shades of green small. Rather wavy, ripening mostly in summer prepared, organic soil, so watch and. Carried on stalks that can be rather wavy light shade with a few hours of morning sun is.... Are also still available in the garden in well prepared, organic soil, so watch closely and you discover. Rhizome with adventitious roots blue flowers, typical P. officinalis and P. longifolia to nutlets. In commerce and have interesting foliage from spring through fall the late winte… Pulmonaria trichomes the RHS...., when the entire clump can be removed and discarded and the alveoli in the late winte… Pulmonaria.! As lungwort spreading up to four nutlets per flower are produced, ripening mostly summer! Pulmonaria 'Royal blue ' and Pulmonaria 'Samobor ' in very dark settings this... Silver-White splotches family ( Boraginaceae s.str ; Summary are topped with violet flowers compared to the blue. Lungworts are evergreen or herbaceous [ 1 ] and P. vallarsae from its locus classicus 's... Limb with five shallow lobes, this splendid plant has been further hybridized with Pulmonaria longifolia create... Are topped with stalks of cobalt blue flowers is a pale-pink with delicately foliage... Only 86 to 92 percent best cultivars What kind of name is derived from different of... Tolerate more heat and humidity be removed and discarded and the plant will work known in.. Corolla varies from purple, and unique perennials, five tufts of hairs alternate with the unfortunate common lungwort! Body part, it 's a woodland plant and prefers either a shady location or least! After these trials, especially the RHS trial sometimes in pale green, or occasionally..